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CAT HEALTH

6 WAYS TO HELP A FEMALE CAT IN HEAT

6 ways to Help a Female Cat in Heat

Female cats that are unspayed will go into heat which means the cat is fertile and is ready to mate with a male cat, this process can be highly uncomfortable and annoying for cat owners even for neighbors. however, if humans feel uncomfortable by it, I can tell you that for your cat it will be even worse, being in heat may come with a lot of howls and many attempts to run away with a male cat it’s a stressful moment for your cat, luckily there are ways in which you can help your cat feel better and less stressed. in this article we will discuss six ways to do so.

Step 1: notice when your cat is in heat
The first step is to recognize that your cat is going through heat, for there are some signs that are key to know when it’s happening, for example, your cat will be very vocal about it, she will be continuously howling and rubbing against the floor, things or even people. another key tip is that cats usually go into heat during spring and summer, it’s good to keep an eye on your cat at this time it’s important to notice if your cat is in heat or if it’s actually sick if your cat presents any other signs that they are not related to heat then take her immediately to the vet for a checkup.

Step 2: keep your cat away from male cats
Both female and male cats go crazy when females go into heat, if a female cat sees or senses a male cat near her she will do everything she can to get to him, in order to keep her safe and prevent her from getting pregnant it’s best to keep her in lockdown. this isolation will help her be less stressed because she won’t be aware of any other cats, close every window and door so your cat won’t see or smell any male cats.

Step 3: give her affection
At this time your cat will want attention and affection, even more, take a moment out of your day to pet her and give her a lot of physical attention, she will thank you for it. use a soft-bristled brush or a grooming glove to groom her every day try to do this step several times a day if you don’t possess a soft-bristled brush you can buy 1 online or at your local pet store, this will help you as these tools are specifically designed to not damage the fur of your cat, get rid of tangles and let new healthy hair growth.

Step 4: play with her
Similar to the previous step take a moment out of your day to play with her cats and heat will have extra energy than they would usually burn outside, but since she will be in lockdown she needs your help to burn all this energy plus it will be a good distractor. once you finish your play session she is most likely to keep howling, this is totally normal you can try to pet her near her lower back region to keep her calm.

Step 5: clean her litter box regularly
During heat they will feel the urge to mark their territory, she will most likely use her urine to mark her litter box, if you clean her litter box often she’ll go back to her box and mark it again, this is good as it will restrict her from marking any other place in her house, if she does mark your house clean the spot immediately, if she smells her scent in those spots she will keep doing it.

Step 6: seek a long-term solution
For some owners experiencing their cat’s heat can be overwhelming or even annoying, instead of leaving the cat under constant stress and uncomfortableness, it’s best to look for a long-term solution, which means spaying your cat. spaying your cat will remove her ovaries which will prevent her from getting pregnant developing certain types of cancers and of course she won’t go into heat. heat is a natural process female unspayed mammals go through, it’s a process that can last up to three weeks during this process your cat will want to desperately find a male cat to mate with, it’s a stressful time for your cat, she will keep howling all the time and try to escape to find a male cat.

If you use the tips we gave you today you will help your cat feel a lot better. On the other hand, if you feel it’s too much for you to handle you can always try to spay your cat if you have the possibility, if you notice any irregularities call your vet they’re the ones that can guide you best.

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CAT HEALTH

HOW TO GET YOUR CAT TO DRINK WATER

How to get your cat to drink water: what kind of water to give your pet, choosing a bowl and watering-place, as well as a few tricks to increase the attractiveness of water for a cat

Many people believe that getting a cat to drink water is impossible and unnecessary. The bowl is worth it – what else? If he wants, he will drink, he will not die of thirst. It is this approach that causes problems with the urinary system in urban cats.

How to get your cat to drink water: what kind of water to give your pet, choosing a bowl and watering place, as well as a few tricks to increase the attractiveness of water for a cat

All pets need access to freshwater, without exception. But first of all – to those who eat dry food. As planned by mother nature, predators receive a lot of fluid from the blood and other components of the prey. And when kept in an apartment, seals eat either bloodless meat or dry food, less often canned food. Under these conditions, owners need to further stimulate interest in water. Drinking plenty of fluids helps indoor cats maintain kidney and urinary health.

A mother cat teaches kittens not only to eat from a bowl and visit a litter box but also to drink water. If a person is raising babies, this responsibility falls on his shoulders.

CONTENT

  • 1 Why do cats drink little water
  • 2 Why is insufficient fluid intake dangerous?
  • 3 What kind of water to give a cat
  • 4 What containers do cats like to drink from?
  • 5 Arrange the right place for watering
    • 5.1 Water should not stand next to food
    • 5.2 Water should not stand next to the tray
    • 5.3 There should be several sources of water
    • 5.4 Water at an elevation
  • 6 4 more tricks to get your cat to drink water
    • 6.1 Flavor water
    • 6.2 Running water
    • 6.3 Ice cubes
    • 6.4 Toy floating in the water
  • 7 Conclusion: how to tell if your pet is drinking enough water

The author of the article: Olga Shiltsova, a practicing veterinarian, author of the books ” Dachshund of Fate ” and ” Tails of Fortune ”

 

Why do cats drink little water?

From a biological point of view, all domestic cats are representatives of the “steppe cat” subspecies, which exist to this day. Domestication had almost no effect on the basic behavior patterns of the small predator. Therefore, cats behave as if they still live in the desert or steppe – they try to do without a watering hole for a long time.

Cats do not like to drink, which is why their urine has such a strong smell – it is much more concentrated than that of humans or dogs. The feeling of thirst in cats is dulled, they pay much more attention to hunger.

Another reason your pet is not getting enough fluid is because of the unproductive lacquering mechanism. A cat can spend a lot of time by the bowl and still drink very little water.

How to get your cat to drink water: what kind of water to give your pet, choosing a bowl and watering place, as well as a few tricks to increase the attractiveness of water for a cat

The cat’s tongue just touches the water and rushes back. The water rises in a “column” and the cat grabs it, closing its mouth. The tongue moves very quickly – about four movements per second.

Pets kept on dry food are at risk for insufficient moisture intake . The moisture content in granules is about 10%, while in raw meat or canned food – 70-80% water. A cat eating dry food must drink substantially more water to compensate for this difference.

Why insufficient fluid intake is dangerous

If the cat drinks little, it develops chronic dehydration. First of all, the owners notice problems with the wool – it fades, falls out. Then the urinary system suffers. The urine becomes too concentrated and the salt crystals in it precipitate. First, “sand” is formed, and then larger stones. Urolithiasis is especially dangerous for males – sand clogs the long and thin urethra, causing urinary retention.

Water is also important for digestion. Chronic dehydration causes constipation. If your pet’s feces are hard, like pebbles, this is a warning sign.

When you are dehydrated, your blood becomes thicker and your blood pressure rises. This is especially dangerous for cats with kidney or heart failure.

How to get your cat to drink water: what kind of water to give your pet, choosing a bowl and watering place, as well as a few tricks to increase the attractiveness of water for a cat

Too little water …

Usually, owners think about how to get a cat to drink water, precisely after the appearance of serious health problems – an attack of cystitis or urolithiasis, since such diseases come back again and again.

What kind of water to give a cat

The quality of piped water in cities varies greatly from region to region. In large cities, modern treatment facilities have been installed, but at the same time, old pipes serve as a source of harmful impurities. Water with a high content of chlorine, heavy metals, fluoride, as well as hard water with a large number of salts is not suitable for cats. I also do not recommend giving boiled water to cats – it tastes badly.

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The water in the jar tastes much better to the kitten than the water in the bowl.

The best option is fresh filtered water or bottled water, but of good quality. Water from different sources tastes different, here you have to experiment. Country cats enjoy drinking rain and well water.

In pet stores, you can see water specifically for pets, but I see it more as a marketing ploy.

The water should be fresh, it is changed every day (more often if the animal has problems with the urinary system). The bowl should be washed regularly.

What containers do cats like to drink from?

If you want to encourage your cat to drink more water, you need to choose the right bowl. It should be large: wide, deep and stable.

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It is better to refuse metal and plastic dishes, as they give the water a specific taste. A good bowl is easy to clean and does not absorb odors. Suitable materials:

  • Ceramics;
  • Porcelain;
  • Glass;
  • Enamel.

Some cats like to drink exclusively from tall dishes. For such cats, it is better to highlight a glass, mug, or vase. You can purchase a dog bowl on a stand (height adjustable).

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Drinking from a glass is a real thrill

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This kitten kept turning the bowl of water over, so the owner gave him a marble mortar to drink!

 

Arrange the right place for watering

Sometimes a cat drinks little water just because the bowl of water is in the wrong place and there is no alternative.

Water should not stand next to food

The most common misconception of owners is to put a bowl of food and a bowl of water next to them, or even use a double bowl. Drinking where he ate is not typical for cats; in nature, a watering hole is always located far from the hunting place. And this instinct is still relevant: if a pellet of feed or a piece of meat falls into a bowl of water, it will instantly deteriorate, becoming unfit for drinking. How quickly the owner discovers the problem is a big question.

 

Water should not stand next to the tray

There are no comments here – neither water nor food should stand next to the litter box. Cats are clean animals, they carefully bury excrement, prefer to go to the tray with fresh litter, and hesitate to eat next to their own latrine.

It’s funny, but a human toilet bowl may seem like a good source of freshwater to a cat – far from the kitchen, in a secluded place, on a dais. The danger is that the cat can be poisoned with detergents due to the owner’s oversight.

How to get your cat to drink water: what kind of water to give your pet, choosing a bowl and watering place, as well as a few tricks to increase the attractiveness of water for a cat

Image is nothing, thirst is everything!

 

There should be several sources of water

Cats are extremely sensitive to hunger, but can ignore thirst for a long time. Therefore, there should be several bowls, taking into account the size of your home – for a small apartment, there are at least three watering places.

The water should be on the trajectory of the cat’s usual route. Observe where your pet likes to rest and play (woke up – drank and only then ran to eat).

Feline laziness knows no bounds, just take it for granted that your cat will not specifically go looking for water to drink.

Elevated water

In the wild, the higher the water, the cleaner it is. Cats tend to “head for the river”, ignoring the water that is in a flat bowl on the floor. Sometimes it is enough to put a deep bowl on a raised platform (windowsill, table) to make your pet interested in water. Many cats do not like to drink from the tap because there is running water. The sink is just high enough.

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Oh, water, good luck. What I don’t finish, I will pour it

 

If you put a drinking fountain on the floor, it will lose out on attractiveness to the faucet. It is better to put high containers on the floor: a bucket, a basin, a saucepan.

Knowing your cat’s drinking habits, be careful not to leave attractive containers with toxic contents unattended:

  • a bucket of detergent while cleaning the floors;
  • dishes in the sink filled with water and dishwashing detergent;
  • a basin of soaked linen;
  • glass for rinsing brushes on the table after painting.

How to get your cat to drink water: what kind of water to give your pet, choosing a bowl and watering place, as well as a few tricks to increase the attractiveness of water for a cat

Bobtail drinks from a bucket

 

4 more tricks to get your cat to drink water

Suppose you have already placed salad bowls and vases of freshwater all over the house, but the cat stubbornly ignores the watering hole. Well, there are a few more tricks, one of which will definitely work.

Flavor water

If the cat is indifferent to ordinary water, you can play on the food interest. To do this, pets are offered various solutions or add them to the water for smell:

  1. Meat juice is a dark liquid that remains in a bowl after raw meat or offal, especially when defrosting.
  2. Unsalted broth – it is enough to boil a couple of shrimp, crayfish, shellfish (mussels, oysters) in water without salt. If the cat does not like seafood (although they usually love it), add some bone or meat broth to the water.
  3. A drop of milk or a pinch of cat milk replacer (available at pet stores and veterinary pharmacies).
  4. Soak slices of fresh cucumber in water – some cats are attracted to “vegetable water”.
  5. Fortiflora is an industrial probiotic supplement for cats. Produced in powder form, it has a pronounced meaty smell. It is enough to add a pinch to the water.
  6. Viyo Reinforces is prebiotic for cats in the form of a nutritious drink, it can be given in its pure form, or it can be diluted with water in various proportions (1: 1, 1: 2) – so the cat will receive even more liquid.

The only drawback of “tasty water” is that it quickly deteriorates, it cannot be left in a bowl for the whole day.

Some cats love to drink earthen water – the one that accumulates in the saucer of a flower pot after abundant watering. Others are eager to feast on from the aquarium. Do not scold pets, but try to provide them with a “favorite watering hole”.

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Mmmm, yummy

 

Running water

The murmur of water attracts cats, sometimes it is curiosity and a desire to play, but in the end, the cat still drinks water, even if it licks its wet paws. Running water naturally seems fresher to animals than standing water, which is why cats love to drink from the tap so much.

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                                                                           Many cats and cats prefer to drink directly from the tap

 

Try to put your pet a special fountain. There are different models in the form of a stream or a falling stream (faucet, chamomile).

Ice cubes

The settled water is at room temperature, and warm water is not as tasty as cool water. Coldwater is associated with freshness, so it’s helpful to cool cat water throughout the day, change it more often, and keep a bottle of water in the fridge in the summer.

An ice cube in a bowl of water can give a good effect. Playful cats begin to touch and drive a mysterious object with their paws, try to get it, lick it. Plus, the water in the bowl does not heat up so quickly – this is important if you are at work all day.

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You will be surprised, but many cats love to play with pieces of ice.

A toy floating in the water

For kittens and young cats, a toy floating on the surface of the water will be a good “attraction”. Place a bowl or saucepan on the floor and throw a small, light ball (for example, a ping-pong ball or a kinder surprise egg), a bottle cap, and a plastic lid for a swim. Chasing and trying to get a toy, the kitten will dip its paws in the water and then lick them. This is how the pet learns to be interested in water.

 

Conclusion: how to tell if your pet is drinking enough water

Owners usually don’t think about how to get the cat to drink water until problems knock on the door. An attack of urolithiasis, idiopathic cystitis of cats, chronic constipation – all these are good reasons to reconsider the pet’s drinking regimen. But in fact, everyone who decided to feed a cat with dry industrial food needs to be puzzled about the right watering hole.

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The cat enjoys cold water

If you are unsure if your cat is drinking enough, a general urine test can be done. It is the increase in urine density that predisposes to precipitation of crystals. On natural feeding, the cat will drink little – a lot of moisture is contained in the food. On dry food – naturally more. Each organism has its own rate, and it depends on many factors. How often does the cat wash (and, therefore, wastes water on the production of saliva), does it feed the kittens, and so on

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CAT HEALTH

8 FOODS THAT ARE BAD FOR CATS

8 foods that are bad for cats

Among the majority of pet cat owners, there is an assumption that their pets are able to independently form their needs by choosing products. Cat lovers think that healthy and unhealthy foods are selected by cats on their own. In fact, this is an erroneous assumption and the opinion of veterinarians, based on a number of clinical and laboratory examinations, is proof of this.

In order for your pet to stay healthy and live a happy life as long as possible, you need to know what foods should not be present in the diet of cats.

1. Chocolate

The first on the list of prohibited foods for cats, as well as for dogs, is chocolate. The composition of this product contains not only the substances caffeine and theobromine but also a number of other components that create an excessive load on the entire body. When a cat eats chocolate, the nervous and cardiovascular systems are the first to suffer. The instability of these two systems results in serious health problems.

Symptoms of chocolate intoxication of the cat’s body are:

  • impaired coordination of movements;
  • decrease in pressure in the arteries;
  • insufficiency of the heart muscle ;
  • frequent acts of urination ;
  • seizures and problems with coordination of movements;
  • in advanced cases – coma.

2. Not thermally processed meat

Cats are inborn predators, also obligate, therefore, without meat, their body is not able to function fully. At the same time, cats are not recommended to introduce into the diet non-thermally processed meat, as well as those types of meat products that contain a large amount of fat or bones. Especially chicken.

Eating fatty meats harms the digestive tract, causing upset stools and a number of inflammation in the pancreas. Not thermally processed meat – the risk of infection of the cat’s body with dangerous parasites.

If the pet regularly receives meat with chicken bones, in this case, you can expect a variety of complications. The animal can choke on a sharp piece of bone, damage its esophagus or intestines. Unfortunately, in the latter case, the treatment is surgery. However, abdominal surgery cannot always guarantee a complete recovery and a successful outcome.

3. Milk

With regards to small kittens – they need milk. But cow’s milk is too fatty, so it is recommended to replace it with a specially adapted mixture or to dilute milk in equal proportion with water.

For adult cats, there is no need to give milk. The fact is that, like most people, the enzymes necessary for the breakdown of milk protein are absent in the body of cats. It is also worth remembering that most cats have a specific pathology – lactose deficiency. Instead of the pleasure of consuming a dairy product, disorders in the digestive tract can develop in the animal’s body.

4. Onions and garlic

Eating onions or garlic by a cat is a reason to tell your friends about the incredible property of a pet. This is not cat food. But this does not end there, because onions contain substances that have a detrimental effect on red blood cells in the blood system. Erythrocytes, the main property of which is the transfer of oxygen to all cells of the body, begin to break down. With systematic exposure, hemolytic anemia develops. Dangerous for the cat’s body is not only fresh, but also sautéed, boiled, cookies, and even more so, fried onions.

Not only onion but also its closest relative, garlic, has a negative effect on the body. A hot vegetable harms red blood cells, causing anemia. The danger is not only fresh garlic but also dried. If it enters the body of an animal, this seasoning leads to the development of dangerous consequences.

The danger of onions and garlic lies in the specific substances contained in plants, disulfides, and sulfoxides, which damage erythrocytes. Domestic cats are more sensitive to these substances than domestic dogs and even more so humans. It is noteworthy that garlic is less toxic than onions.

5. Nuts

Banned for cats and nuts. In the composition of most nuts, fats and oils are present, provoking not only upset stools but also the eruption of gastric contents, up to dehydration. Dangerous nuts and the risk of developing inflammation in the pancreas. The most dangerous for the body of cats is the macadamia nut. It contains toxins that damage the nervous system, muscles, and digestive tract.

6. Raw eggs

Eating raw eggs in food carries the risk of infection with such a dangerous disease as salmonellosis. The disease is quite insidious since it is rather difficult to make an accurate diagnosis in the first stages. The consequences of not timely diagnosed and cured salmonellosis can be sad. Signs of salmonellosis damage to the body are:

  • refusal of feed ;
  • feverish conditions and an increase in body temperature indicators ;
  • eruption of gastric contents, even after drinking water ( vomiting is accompanied by foam );
  • apathetic state ;
  • upset stool, accompanied by profuse diarrhea with a sharp, offensive odor of black color and streaks of blood.

It is worth remembering that the use of boiled chicken eggs also adversely affects various systems of the feline body. Regular intake of egg white will soon lead to disruptions in the work of the skin. There are problems not only with the skin but also with the coat, due to violations of the correct assimilation of vitamin B.

7. Grapes

Fruit should be present in the animal’s diet, especially if it is not indifferent to them. But with caution, you need to give them to cats. For example, grapes and their dried type of raisins can provoke the development of bouts of nausea and eruption of gastric contents. Signs of raisin or grape poisoning in a cat are:

  • severe vomiting and watery diarrhea with particles of undigested food;
  • polyuria ;
  • apathetic state, dullness of perception, problems with coordination of movements;
  • tremors, signs of dehydration

In advanced cases, with the regular intake of grapes into the digestive tract, inflammatory processes occur in the kidney area. Fresh grapes can cause fermentation in the intestines, which also negatively affects the overall health of the gastrointestinal tract.

8. Mushrooms

Attractive in taste and with a pleasant aroma, mushrooms do not leave indifferent domestic cats. Nourishing, meat-like, mushrooms, like most pets. But you can give this product to a cat in rare exceptions in order to diversify the diet.

The constant presence of fungi in a cat’s diet leads to disturbances in the functioning of the intestines. Chitin, which mushrooms are rich in, is not broken down in the digestive tract, provoking heaviness. Against this background, liver malfunctions occur. Toxins are also present in mushrooms, provoking damage to somebody’s systems, up to the formation of a shock state and death.

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CAT HEALTH

CAT FOOD

Cat food

Abyssinian cat eats meat

This article is the result of long-term observation of their animals, basic knowledge of the anatomy and physiology of cats, the study of a large number of Internet articles. One of the most controversial topics in felinology is the topic of rational nutrition. Do you lack drive, emotion, and communication? Ask the question: what do you prefer to feed your cats? Better yet, categorically declare your adherence to ready-made feeds or a natural diet, this is not important, the main thing is to express the irreconcilability of the position.

I do not want to take either side in this protracted conflict, I want to talk only about facts, nothing more. And perhaps we will be able to look at the topic of cat nutrition from a new angle.

Fact 1: Cats are obligate predators. Their jaws and teeth are designed to kill and tear the victim to pieces. Cats do not chew, they swallow food in rather large pieces. And before they eat, they must first track down and catch this very victim.

Fact 2: Cats have almost no taste in food compared to humans. We have about 9000 taste buds on our tongue, less than 500 in cats (about 2000 in dogs). But the sense of smell is almost 14 times more sensitive than that of humans, and the special vomeronasal organ of Jacobson, located on the palate behind the incisors, is much better developed (remember how funny cats open their mouths, sniffing at a cat in heat). The sense of touch in cats is much more important in eating food than in humans, so the consistency of the food is important. The lips and nose are very susceptible to heat. Contrary to popular belief, a cat’s sweet taste is determined, albeit worse than bitter, salty, or sour.

Fact 3: The normal acidity of the gastric juice of a cat is approximately pH 1-1.5, it is a very concentrated hydrochloric acid capable of dissolving bones and bacteria, preventing the penetration of protozoa. Eggs of helminths and cysts of protozoa can survive, because they have a sufficiently dense shell, and for their death, a long exposure (exposure) in an acidic environment is needed, and the advancement of the food lump in predators occurs rather quickly.

Fact 4: Cats have very short intestines. The ratio of intestinal length to body length is only 3: 1, 4: 1. For comparison: in dogs 6: 1, in humans 10: 1, in herbivores 20: 1 or more. The intestinal absorption capacity of cats is also lower. According to various authors, about 10% less than in dogs. The movement of the food bolus along the gastrointestinal tract in obligate predators occurs much faster than in herbivores since it is much more difficult to obtain nutrients from plant food. The digestion process in a cat takes about 12 hours, in cows a few days.

Fact 5: Cats are not adapted to the consumption of plant and carbohydrate foods: short intestines, relatively high speed of passage of the food bolus, nuances of the exocrine function of the pancreas. A cat’s salivary glands do not produce amylase. * Amylase is the main enzyme that breaks down carbohydrates. Cats get glucose not from carbohydrates, but from proteins. Cat cells have an increased insulin tolerance, so the intake of rapidly digestible carbohydrates, an increase in the proportion of carbohydrate foods in the diet is fraught with problems, in particular, the development of diabetes

Fact 6: Metabolic problems with a high content of plant foods in the cat’s diet are not only due to the relatively high content of carbohydrates. Amino acid composition and their relationship to each other are a big problem.
For cats, 11 amino acids are essential, that is, they cannot be synthesized by the body and must be supplied with food: taurine, arginine, histidine, leucine, lysine, phenylalanine, threonine, isoleucine, methionine, tryptophan, and valine. When synthesizing proteins, each type of body tissue requires a strictly specific set of amino acids.

For example, in the composition of tissue protein, valine, arginine, and tryptophan are contained in equal amounts (1: 1: 1), but if their ratio in the diet is 1: 1: 0.5, then the assimilation of all these amino acids is determined by the amino acid contained in minimum quantity.

Lysine can only work in the body when another amino acid, arginine, is present. Products that combine both substances are cheeses and dairy products.

Adequate dietary intake and the ratio of the three amino acids to each other: valine, leucine, and isoleucine are critical. These three amino acids work only together and have their own abbreviation: BCAA (from the English branched-chain amino acid, branched-chain amino acid). BCAAs reduce cortisol levels and increase blood serotonin levels, providing a sense of peace and tranquility; maintain insulin synthesis at the proper level; stimulate the synthesis of growth hormone, ensuring the growth and development of young animals and the maintenance of muscle mass in adults. Adequate intake of these amino acids in the correct ratio has almost the same anti-obesity effect as fasting. The best sources of BCAAs are chicken meat and chicken hearts, and beef is also rich in these amino acids.

Taurine is a vital amino acid, the deficiency of which very quickly causes pathological changes in the cat’s body. Two target organs are affected in the first place: the eyes and the heart. Since the discovery of the effect of taurine on the heart muscle of cats, and it began to be added to ready-made diets without fail, the number of animals with dilated cardiomyopathy has decreased significantly. Taurine is also essential for the adequate functioning of immunocompetent cells. In neutrophils, the percentage of taurine among all free amino acids of the cytoplasm is 76%, in lymphocytes 44%. Taurine deficiency causes a decrease in the activity of the cellular link of immunity: phagocytosis is inhibited, the activity of neutrophils decreases, the degree of damage to one’s own cells by oxidants and free radicals increases. Moreover, it is the cellular link that is the basis of the immune defense of cats. A natural source of taurine is meat, most of all it is found in the heart muscle.

The rational selection of proteins from different products, taking into account their mutual complementarity, is very important when drawing up a diet.

Fact 7: In addition to essential amino acids, cats need food and other substances that the body cannot synthesize. Among them, niacin, or vitamin B3 (niacin is the general name for nicotinic acid, nicotinamide, and their metabolic products). Deficiency of niacin leads to loss of appetite and weight, gum disease, and hemorrhagic diarrhea. The source of the vitamin for cats is eggs, meat, fish, wheat bran and yeast.
Cats cannot absorb beta-carotene from plant foods, they need active vitamin A, which they can only get from animal products, primarily the liver and egg yolk. This circumstance should be taken into account when choosing food supplements (retinal palmitate is needed). With hypovitaminosis, night vision, and the condition of the skin and coat deteriorate, babies lag behind in development. It should be remembered that an excess of vitamins can be more dangerous than hypovitaminosis, especially you should not get carried away with food additives. Chronic A-hypervitaminosis in predators (cats and dogs), arising, for example, due to prolonged feeding of their raw liver, causes a disease of the spine, which is characterized by bone growths along the edges of the vertebral bodies and is accompanied by limited mobility of the joints of the cervical spine.
The cat’s body is unable to convert linolenic fatty acid to arachidonic acid. Therefore, the diet should contain ready-made arachidonic acid. Gamma-Linolenic Acid is an Omega-6 unsaturated fatty acid and is considered the most important fatty acid for dogs and cats. It plays a key role in maintaining animal skin health. Found in most vegetable and animal fats, including chicken fat. Arachidonic acid also belongs to Omega-6 PUFA, which is in the body a source of a number of highly active biological substances that take part in the processes of maintaining hemostasis, blood clotting, the transmission of nerve impulses, and many others. Lack of arachidonic acid leads to impaired blood clotting, prolonged wound healing, slowed tissue regeneration, impaired vascular permeability, pathologies in the contractile activity of the muscular wall of the bronchi, veins, arteries, the development of dermatitis, a decrease in local and general immunity. Contained in red meat, liver, eggs, especially in milk fat, as well as in salmon, salmon oil. Omega-3s – Unsaturated fatty acids are equally important for the normal metabolism and optimal health of cats, the main sources are fish oil, animal fats, and egg yolk, as well as flaxseed oil and seaweed. The most important omega-3 acids for dogs and cats: Omega-3s – Unsaturated fatty acids are equally important for the normal metabolism and optimal health of cats, the main sources are fish oil, animal fats, and egg yolk, as well as flaxseed oil and seaweed. The most important omega-3 acids for dogs and cats: Omega-3s – Unsaturated fatty acids are equally important for the normal metabolism and optimal health of cats, the main sources are fish oil, animal fats, and egg yolk, as well as flaxseed oil and seaweed. The most important omega-3 acids for dogs and cats:

  • Alpha linolenic acid (ALA);
  • Eicose Pentaenoic Acid (EPA);
  • Docosa Hexaenoic Acid (DHA).

Alpha linoleic acid (ALA) is considered an essential fatty acid for dogs and cats. It has been experimentally proven that the absence of essential fatty acids in the diet of experimental animals leads to problems with the skin and hair, and negatively affects the reproductive function and excretory system. The introduction of alpha-linolenic acid into the diet eliminates these pathologies if the processes have not become irreversible. The main natural sources of α-linolenic acid are various vegetable oils (linseed, sea buckthorn). Cats can synthesize EPA and DHA from ALA, although conversion rates will below. Docosa Hexaenoic Acid (DHA) is important for the development of the brain and immune system, as well as maintaining vision in young animals.
The ratio of Omega 6 to Omega 3 PUFA is extremely important. The normal ratio for a cat is 1 / 1.3, while in ready-made feeds the ratio is 10/1, which causes a bias in reactions towards activating the production of ATs to its own cells and contributes to the formation of chronic inflammatory processes. Too low a ratio of Omega 6 / Omega 3 PUFA increases the risk of developing arthritis and allergic reactions, disorders of digestion and higher nervous activity, contributes to a protracted course of inflammatory processes, and impaired development of young animals. The inclusion of Omega-3 PUFAs in the diet, primarily fish oil or preparations based on it in the treatment of pruritic dermatoses, can significantly reduce the dose of hormones and antihistamines, and shorten the duration of treatment.

Fact 8: The ducts of the pancreas and liver are always connected in cats into a common duct that flows into the duodenum. Therefore, the inflammatory process always spreads from one organ to another, it is only a matter of time.

Fact 9: Exocrine cells of the pancreas of adult cats that produce digestive juices have an extremely low ability to adapt to dietary changes. The enzymatic composition is stable and relatively poor, primarily due to a decrease in the production of enzymes that break down carbohydrates. At a young age, the adaptive capacity of the pancreas is higher. If you do not know what your kitten will eat in the future, introduce him to both ready-made diets and natural foods, this will reduce the risk of digestive problems in the future.

Fact 10: The gut is one of the main organs of the mammalian immune system, and cats are no exception. The end segment of the thin section (ileum) is rich in lymphoid elements that lie in the mucous membrane and are represented by both single (solitary) follicles and their clusters in the form of Peyer’s patches. In fact, the intestine is the main organ that triggers the circulation of immunocompetent cells and the synthesis of immunoglobulins, forms sensitivity to foreign substances, and provides all mucous membranes with local defense factors. I would like to note that keeping young animals in conditions close to sterile significantly impairs the development of Peyer’s patches with all the ensuing consequences.

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CAT HEALTH

HOW TO FEED A KITTEN? HOW CAN YOU HELP YOUR BABY GROW UP HEALTHY?

 How to feed a kitten? How can you help your baby grow up healthy?

A kitten has appeared at your home. For a long time, many people choose a lodge bed, bowls, and toys for their bundle of happiness. And then they start thinking about how to keep their kitten healthy, and how to properly prevent possible diseases. Correct, balanced nutrition is becoming one of the main helpers in prevention. Let’s raise the question today, what is proper kitten nutrition?

Growth by leaps and bounds.
In the first weeks of life, the kitten grows exponentially, its weight can double or even triple. Your baby will be actively growing up to 5-6 months. Then, until about a year, the kitten will continue to grow, but more slowly.
To ensure super-fast growth and cover the high energy expenditure of a playful kitten, the animal needs to get a lot of calories from a small amount of food, because kittens have small stomachs and they cannot eat much.
Kittens should get 30% of all energy from protein food, but feeding a kitten only meat is not entirely correct. Such a diet can lead to impaired digestion and harmonious development, especially of the skeletal system, small kittens are especially susceptible to an unbalanced diet. Quality commercial kitten foods are supplemented with cereals to ensure optimal nutrition for your kitten.

How many times a day should a kitten be fed?
Small kittens during the active growth period should be fed 3-4 times a day. If you work a lot and you do not have the opportunity to feed the kitten 4 times a day, then you can organize free access to food – this means that food is available at any time, and the kitten eats as many times as it wants, the main thing is not to give more than the daily allowance … You can feed your baby dry or wet food, but if you have chosen free access to food, then it is better to choose dry food, as it does not spoil all day while you are at work. Another benefit of dry food is that it helps you clean your teeth and keep your gums healthy.
After the kitten reaches 6 months of age, it can be gradually transferred to two meals a day, despite the fact that it can come up to the bowl much more often, consuming a small portion each time.
Do I need to give extra vitamins and minerals?
Kittens need more vitamins and minerals than adult animals. But at the same time, an excessive amount of these substances in the diet is toxic to them, since their body is more sensitive to large doses of substances.
Ready-made food contains the required amount of all substances, including vitamins and minerals, therefore, when feeding a kitten with high-quality commercial food, you do not need to additionally provide various food additives.

What should not be given to kittens!

  1. Don’t feed your kitten dog food. Dog food does not meet your little one’s unique needs.
  2. Do not give your kitten bones (chicken, pork, fish). They can get stuck in his throat or pierce the wall of the digestive tract.
  3. Don’t give your kitten milk. Soon after weaning, the number of enzymes needed to digest milk decreases, so some kittens may develop diarrhea. (vetstreet)
  4. Do not feed the kitten from the table. This can lead to the kitten giving up his usual food.

In the first year of life, a kitten needs the best nutrition. At this time, the musculoskeletal system is formed, the nervous system develops, the entire body as a whole is actively growing. As we can see, there are a lot of nuances and rules of healthy eating, and it is very difficult to take this into account by ourselves.
Hill’s has created diets for kittens that meet their nutritional needs, as well as meet all the requirements of international associations, all of the company’s food is developed by veterinarians, and the production meets all strict GMP rules.
The Hill’s Science Plan kitten food line is varied and includes:

  1. dry food with chicken or tuna
  2. wet food: chunks in a sauce with chicken, tuna, or ocean fish (Bauchi) or tender mousse with chicken

How to feed an adult cat?
When we start a cat, we want to give it as much love and care as possible. With tenderness and attention to detail, we buy a soft and comfortable house, toys. Choosing food, we dive into a sea of ​​reviews, study any information in the hope of finding the best cat food! We suggest that you check if the saying “The more the better” is so good and whether it can be applied to the choice of food for your pet.

How much protein should the feed contain?
Cats are strict predators and therefore require significantly more protein than omnivorous dogs. Like all animals, cats use protein as building blocks for cells and tissues, as well as for all systems in the body, but other than that, cats can use protein for energy, which is amazing.
But you need to monitor the health of your pet. There are diseases in which large amounts of protein are contraindicated. Such diseases include, for example, impaired renal function.
What is most unpleasant about these diseases is that we do not notice any irregularities in the functioning of the kidneys until they almost completely stop working. Only when the abnormalities affect 70% of the kidney cells do we see the characteristic symptoms of the disease.

A little life hack: when choosing food, consider not only the amount of protein but also its quality. The feed should be balanced in amino acids. How much fat should be in the diet?

When an animal consumes a lot of fat, it consumes a lot of energy. Excess fat can lead to obesity. Obesity is a serious problem and the number of cats with this diagnosis is increasing every year.
Lack of fat is just as dangerous as excess. Problems that can arise from a deficiency of essential fatty acids:
• causes impaired wound healing
• causes flaky skin, dryness, and dullness of the coat
• can predispose the animal to skin infections
• can lead to hair loss
• can cause wet dermatitis (superficial skin infection).
Fatty acid deficiencies are most commonly detected when using homemade food.

What else do you need to consider?

It is also important to consider the number of minerals and vitamins.

Summing up, we note that everything needs a golden mean. Sometimes more is not better. It is much more important to monitor the quality of the ingredients.
All Hill’s foods are strictly balanced in all essential nutrients and are made from only high-quality products that can meet all the needs of the cat.

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CAT HEALTH

HOW TO PROPERLY FEED A KITTEN AT 1 MONTH WITHOUT A MOTHER AT HOME

How to properly feed a kitten at 1 month
without a mom at home

Feeding a kitten at the age of one month is a serious and responsible business. It is imperative to take into account the fact that these rules differ from feeding kittens of different ages, even a two-month-old kitten. It is this first month of lack of breast milk that largely determines the future health of an adult cat.

So, a new pet has appeared in your family – it is small, fluffy, and completely defenseless. You are the whole world for him! And it depends on you how he grows up – healthy or sick, affectionate or angry, cheerful or phlegmatic. Your cat, which is still a soft newborn lump, cannot take care of itself. Treat your little family member with warmth and he will surely return you with sincere love in the future! The first step to a long and happy life is proper nutrition, and only you can provide it.

The kitten’s digestive system is still imperfect and is not able to perceive food for an adult cat. Mother’s milk is the best option for feeding at the age of a newborn. In addition, the mother cat provides the baby with psychological comfort and instills the basics of life. Up to 12 weeks of age, the presence of the mother next to the kitten is necessary. In situations where you need to feed the baby yourself, you have to act carefully so as not to harm the baby.

Weaning a cat
It is not recommended to take the kitten away from the mother before one and a half months, because the baby’s immunity is too weak, and the habits are not formed. You need to do this smoothly and methodically – day after day, accustoming your pet to the absence of a mother by his side. In the new habitat, conditions should be created for the calmness of the kitten – a bed, a tray for natural needs with a special filler for kittens, a bowl for food, clean drinking water.

It is more difficult for individuals whose contact with a cat is interrupted suddenly, for various reasons. Adapting to a new home will take longer, but don’t be alarmed: sooner or later your kitten will get used to the changes.

The diet of a one-month-old baby is dominated by liquid or semi-liquid food, which is similar in consistency to mother’s milk. Very young kittens are fed with an adapted formula, which is a substitute for natural milk. The optimal composition of mixtures containing all vitamins and microelements is produced by Beaphar, Gimpet, and Royal. In addition, you will need a teat, measuring cup, and container. The powder is diluted in accordance with the instructions on the package.

The use of the ready-made formula for children is allowed in extreme cases – in the absence of specialized food for kittens. Infant formula of category 0 – 6 months is diluted with water one and a half times more than the indicated dosage. As a last resort, cow’s milk is useful – boiled, chilled, and mixed with egg yolk.

The kitten is fed with food warmed to a comfortable temperature using a syringe without a needle, pipette, or nipple. You can accustom your baby to independence now – by letting him lick his finger with milk or by dropping his muzzle into a bowl. Gradually, having become interested in food, the pet will begin to eat itself.

One-month-old babies
The principles of proper feeding at home
At 5 weeks of age, a kitten’s stomach is about the size of a thimble, so it should be fed often, but little by little. Ideal – 5 – 6 times throughout the day at intervals of 4 hours.

Night feedings are being phased out. The crumb can eat no more than two teaspoons of food at one time, and the daily food intake should not exceed 120 ml.

It is easy to identify a full kitten with a rounded tummy and milk bubbles near the mouth. In addition, a well-fed pet falls asleep immediately after feeding. Poor sleep, shaking, and lethargic behavior are considered signs of malnutrition. Have you seen these symptoms? Adjust your nutrition urgently!

To enrich the diet, new products are gradually being introduced that are allowed at this age:

goat milk (diluted 1: 1 with boiled water);
liquid semolina or rice porridge (crushed);
soup without added salt (with lean boiled meat) – once a week;
mashed low-fat cottage cheese with boiled yolk – 2 times throughout the week;
minced meat (excluding pork);
fish fillets without bones and salt;
dairy products without sugar.
Offer new food gradually – at intervals of 3 days. This way you can monitor the body’s response to changes in the diet. If vomiting, diarrhea, or allergies occur, complementary foods are stopped. Do not hope that it will “get used to it over time.” This is deadly! Errors in nutrition at such a young age can be fatal for the crumbs.

For your information! An attentive owner will always notice the pet’s reaction to the innovation. Having offered a new product on the finger, the kitten will either happily eat the treat or turn away indifferently. You do not need to insist, because food should be a joy!
Offer complementary foods at the very bottom of the bowl so that the baby does not accidentally fall into it, trying to taste the tasty treat.

For the health of the pet, you need to completely remove smoked meats, fatty and fresh meat, salt, pork, and sugar from the diet.

Clean water should be available at all times. It is better if there are several bowls located in different corners of the apartment.

Spiders for kittens
Industrial feed
Natural cat milk has unique characteristics. It is rich in proteins with relatively low-fat content. Not every industrial mixture can serve as an analog of such feeding.

When choosing a ready-made feed, the owner should pay attention not to the bright packaging and advertising promises of the manufacturer, but to the optimal composition and the absence of harmful substances.

Seeing the cost of a ready-made mixture for kittens, you can get confused. Remember, premium food cannot be cheap! A more economical option is not safe for the crumbs. However, do not despair. The volume of the mixture that the pet can eat is small, so one pack of food will last for a long time.

It is not difficult to prepare food, it is enough to dilute the powder mixed with water, after which it becomes usable. At the age of 1 month, breast milk substitutes are the main source of nutrition, and when the kitten reaches 4 weeks, a gradual introduction of complementary foods is necessary.

Many manufacturers offer ready-to-eat foods for babies, the most famous of them being Purina, Royal Canin, Nutri-Vet, Canina, and Beaphar.

Natural ingredients
The desire to accustom the kitten to natural feeding is understandable – this way you can always be sure of the quality of the product and its benefits for the body. The only thing you shouldn’t do is mix industrial and natural feed. The fact is that from birth, the pet’s body produces the necessary enzymes for digestion, taking into account the food consumed. Mixed food has a negative effect on the fragile digestive system and weakens the immune system.

Decided to stick to natural feeding? It is right! By accustoming your baby to diversity from childhood, you can raise an omnivorous cat and not a capricious stubborn one. The main rule is to exclude food from the master’s table in the diet. Firstly, it is too salty and spicy, and secondly, it is absolutely not suitable for the cat’s diet.

The list of allowed dishes for a month-old kitten is quite large:

liquid porridge with milk or a weak broth made from buckwheat, rice or millet;
boiled fish, deboned;
quail eggs;
boiled low-fat meat pate;
dairy products.
A warning! The belief that fish is extremely beneficial for cats of all ages is wrong. It has been proven that frequent consumption of fish dishes leads to kidney inflammation. If in the future it is planned to castrate the cat, then it is better to completely exclude the fish from the menu.
Milk and fermented milk products

Thermostatic fermented baked milk
The kitten’s skeletal system is constantly being formed. Therefore, the calcium contained in milk is essential.

Before use, milk is boiled, a little honey is added to enrich the composition, and cooled to a warm state. 8% cream is no less useful, you can pamper the crumbs with fermented baked milk, goat’s milk, or sugar-free yogurt.

Each new product is introduced gradually, taking into account the reaction of the body.

Are substitutes needed
Milk substitutes do not always benefit a growing body. Kittens with congenital diseases may not survive without maternal nutrition and colostrum. For such pets, the diet is recommended by a veterinarian.

It is not easy to find a suitable milk substitute; it should be as close as possible in composition to mother’s milk. In addition to essential nutrients, quality mixtures should contain:

taurine;
vitamin supplements and minerals;
polyunsaturated acids;
trace elements.
Look on the packaging for an indication of which age group the mixture is intended for.

Vitamins and feeding
What else is missing for the full development of the pet? Raising a healthy, active cat with a good appetite and a silky coat requires vitamins and minerals.

When choosing a drug in a veterinary pharmacy, it is better to first consult a doctor. He will tell you the name of the remedy and possible contraindications.

A warning! The components in drugs may overlap, which leads to hypervitaminosis (an excess of vitamins in the body). It is not difficult to avoid this by examining the composition of the package.
The most popular supplement for kittens 1 – 1.5 months is fish oil. The liquid from the capsule can be mixed with food, feeding the pet 2 times a week.

From natural products, kittens will be happy to try fresh herbs (combined with cottage cheese), apples (mashed to a state of puree), cucumbers. The frequency of feeding is the same – no more than 2 times over 7 days. The diet is limited to bran, up to at least 4 months of age.

Ceramic bowl with canned food
Is canned food allowed?
A business person who is rarely at home has a sore lack of time to buy natural products and, moreover, to prepare food on a daily basis.

The solution is to use canned kitten food. At the age of up to a month, it should be a paste or mousse, after a month – canned food in the form of pieces.

In premium feeds, the composition is selected taking into account the requirements of the baby in vitamins and minerals, so pharmacy supplements may not be needed.

When offering canned food to a kitten, you need to be sure that he knows how to drink water on his own. With the transition to the industrial type of feeding, the need for liquid increases. Of course, water is less tasty than milk, and your pet may refuse to drink it. In this case, the water can be replaced with the usual milk mixture or sweetened a little.

Is it possible for human baby food?
The mention of newborn kittens always brings a smile. These babies seem to be just like babies – why not save on cat food and get some regular infant formula? Is this allowed? Let’s try to figure it out.

Your pet is an individual with its own characteristics of health, character, level of activity. The nutritional requirements of kittens and newborn babies differ significantly, although it is not uncommon for baby food to become the life-saving straw in the artificial feeding of a kitten.

Infant formula can be used in three ways:

For watering kittens – suckers left without a mother ahead of time. In this case, the powder is brought to the desired consistency with water in a ratio of 1: 1.5.
In case of an allergic reaction to cat food or congenital diseases in the pet.
As a supplement to expand the diet.
Canned purees made from meat or vegetables should not contain salt, pepper, starch, or onions. These components will not be digested in the kitten’s body. A one-month-old baby can be offered Agusha baby puree – an inexpensive and high-quality option for feeding small children.

Convenient feeding option
How often
The most common question is how many times a day to feed. Most of the monthly kittens eat with pleasure 6 times a day. Pay attention to your pet’s behavior. Does the squeak displeasedly and is anxious?

So it’s time to eat! On average, a kitten will eat 120 grams of food throughout the day. If he eats less, he may not like the proposed food. A viral infection is also possible. In any case, this is a reason to contact your veterinarian.

By the month of the month, night feedings can be removed if the pet sleeps peacefully throughout the night.

The fact that your fidget is happy with life and does not feel hunger is indicated by external signs:

the kitten has a dense physique, the coastal arches are not visible from under the skin, but they are well felt;
he is calm and active, does not squeak between feedings;
mucous membranes are pink, moist;
light brown stool, decorated;
daily weight gain of about 10 grams.
An approximate feeding schedule looks like this: 6.30, 10.00, 13.30, 17.00, 20.30, 24.00. After a midnight meal, the kitten will be ready to fully rest until the morning.

Is dog food allowed
The little researcher’s curiosity knows no bounds. Now he is confidently reaching for the dog’s bowl. Surely the owner is also wondering if the kitten will like the dog food?

Prepared dog foods smell different and taste different from cat food. This is due to the different nutritional requirements of cats and dogs, and, as a consequence, the different components of the finished product. For cats, from birth, mixtures with a high level of protein are selected.

In addition, in the dog’s body, vitamin A can be formed from ß-carotene, in cats, this is not possible. Simply put, you can satisfy a kitten’s curiosity once, but do it all the time – in no case! Over time, the pet will develop a lack of nutrients and metabolic disorders.

By the way, the nutritional value of cat food is always higher than that of dog food.

Is it possible to dry
The opinions of veterinarians about the age of a kitten, in which it is possible to taste “adult” food for the first time, differ. Some of them do not recommend introducing the pet to dry food earlier than 2 months, while others follow the principle “the sooner the better”. Whether or not to give such food to the baby is up to the owner.

In a one-month-old baby, the milk teeth have not yet grown stronger, and the muscles of the jaws are not sufficiently developed. If you want to take a chance, soak the dry granules with warm water first, this will make them easier to chew.

To successfully adapt to a new food, follow these simple rules:

do not exclude the milk mixture, at least until the age of 2 months of the crumbs;
do not exceed the daily dose of dry food (20 – 30 grams per day);
if the brand of feed does not cause negative reactions, do not change it;
divide the total daily dose over three meals;
monitor compliance with the drinking regime;
do not use adult food.
Advice! Do not give your pet extra vitamin complexes. Dry food already contains minerals and trace elements.
Is it possible to have homemade food from the table

It is strictly forbidden to kittens!
If you follow a strict diet without salt, sugar, spices, and also do not eat spicy, smoked, fried foods – yes, you can periodically feed your baby from your table.

In all other cases, human food is not suitable for a kitten. Even if it is a sausage made from natural products or home preservation. Excess fats, calories, and preservatives are not good for anyone.

Another product strictly prohibited is potatoes. Neither boiled, nor fried, nor in any other form. It simply cannot be absorbed by the feline organism.

Prohibited homemade food
There are two types of cat owners. The first one will say: “Eat what they give!” and will persistently offer the pet a convenient option for YOURSELF. The second owner acts according to the principle “Eat at least something!” and will offer anything to shove an extra spoonful of food into your pet. Both strategies are fundamentally wrong. The food should be healthy, even if your cat doesn’t agree with it.

When choosing a diet for a kitten, one should take into account the harm that a particular product can bring:

Salt, sugar, marinades are substances that disrupt metabolism.
Fish with bones – to avoid injury to the gastrointestinal tract.
Pork – contains too much fat, the risk of infection with helminths.
Potatoes – not digestible due to a large amount of starch.
Legumes – provoke gas formation in the intestines.
Fish (more often 2 times a week) – the risk of urolithiasis.
Caffeinated drinks – stress on the nervous system and heart.
Vegetables – broccoli, avocado, garlic, tomatoes, and onions. The specific composition of the products is not suitable for feeding the kitten.
Nuts – due to their high phosphorus content, are harmful to the kidneys. In addition, the pet can choke on careless food intake.
Raisins – causes flatulence.
Mushrooms are capable of accumulating toxic substances.
Choose a cat food basket with these requirements in mind, and your kitten will be absolutely happy.

Norms
Below is a table with a detailed description of food and the frequency of their use by a kitten at the age of 1 – 1.5 months.

Product type Frequency of use
Lean meat daily
Fish without bones 1 – 2 times a week
Boiled chicken 3-4 times throughout the week
Offal no more than 3 times a week, liver – 1 time a week
Egg yolk no more than 2 times in 7 days
Greens (lettuce, spinach) – mixed with cottage cheese up to 2 times a week
Milk products every day
Vegetable oil (a few drops) in a day
Milk porridge daily
Non-acidic curd 3-4 times a week
Vegetables several times throughout the week
Fermented milk products every day, cheese – no more than 1 time a week
Cereals several times over 7 days
Fresh drinking water must be in stock all the time
Features by breed
Each breed of cat has its own feeding characteristics. Consider the nutrition of the most popular purebred kittens – British, fold, and hairless breeds. If you are a happy owner of such a pet, you should study their needs in more detail.

British
Babies of this breed are rapidly growing and gaining weight, have a stocky physique. The British and Chinchillas from very birth need high-calorie food, their diet should be about 65% meat and 25% vegetables.

A warning! Vitamin supplements for British people are selected based on the increased need for calcium. Canina and Gimpet natural products have proven themselves well.
The natural blue color of the pet changes with the frequent use of carrots, liver, or kelp. This fact must be taken into account when the cat participates in exhibitions and competitions.

Lop-eared scots
Lop-eared babies up to 3 months of age eat at least 6 times a day. This active baby is quickly saturated and begins to feel hunger again. Some breeders note that the more satisfying the pet’s diet, the better their coat looks.

There is an interesting sign: if the Scots are fed with cow’s milk, then their adjoining ears “stand up” due to high doses of calcium and the kitten will lose its attractiveness. Of course, this is nonsense. Lop-earedness is a genetic feature and has nothing to do with feeding. And the birth of a kitten with erect ears in the litter is just natural selection.

The representatives of the breed have a congenital tendency to allergies, arthrosis, and urolithiasis. When choosing a diet, focus on high-quality food without flavors and preservatives.

Bald
Owners of Don Sphynxes, Canadian Sphynxes, Bambino, Dwelf, Ukrainian Levkoy, and other bald breeds know that their pets have a healthy appetite and are absolutely undemanding to food. Their weak point is a sensitive digestive system and a tendency to obesity. It is this combination of “constant hunger – excess weight” that determines the principles of nutrition of the Sphinxes. You must:

Ensure a strict feeding schedule without uncontrolled access to the bowl.
Does the amount of feed-in strictly accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions.
Feed the pet for a certain amount of time, picking up the bowl when it expires.
Due to the lack of hair, Sphinxes waste a lot of energy. Their food should be high in calories and varied. Pets have delicate skin, which needs zinc, B vitamins, and polyunsaturated acids for good condition.

Feed from different manufacturers
After examining the packaging of the finished food, we see that each manufacturer considers its products to be the best for a kitten. It would seem that by taking the “best” from different manufacturers, you can provide your pet with all the necessary substances, plus diversify its diet. However, it’s not that simple.

The product line of each brand is developed with its own characteristics in terms of composition, the combination of components, and vitamin and mineral supplements. By choosing one brand for feeding, you can be sure that the components of the feed are interchangeable and complement each other.

By purchasing different feeds for a pet, instead of full nutrition, we risk getting complications from the digestive tract or, even worse, irreversible metabolic disorders.

If the kitten eats any one brand, he is cheerful and playful, does not show anxiety, does not change the food. This will keep you safe from future problems.

A few words about the ready-made feed. When a kitten owner prefers commercially prepared foods, only premium or Superpremium brands should be selected. Products of the middle price category are not suitable – they have an unbalanced composition and often use raw materials of poor quality. Special lines of ready meals designed for 1-month-old kittens are produced by many companies with a proven track record:

Royal Canin food labeled Mother and Babycat. The product is allowed for use by kittens who have reached one month of age. Produced in granular form, quickly soluble in water. The composition of the feed contains an easily digestible protein, which is necessary for the normal development of the pet.
Hill’s Science Plan Kitten mousse and granulate. The manufacturer of this feed has focused on natural ingredients such as turkey and poultry protein.
Arden Grange Kitten is a food with the addition of prebiotics (substances to improve the digestion of food). The protein level in the mixture is 34%.
Perfect fit Junior is a ready-made mixture with conflicting reviews, despite the attractive cost with a well-chosen composition. The feed, containing 24% protein, is additionally fortified and enriched with mineral components.
Eukanuba Cat Kitten is a commercial feed made from chicken liver and chicken meat. Differs in an increased level of protein – 36%. No preservatives or flavor enhancers.
Pro plan junior is an industrial feed with an optimal composition. In addition to 20% chicken meat, bovine colostrum is included in the composition to enhance immunity and form normal intestinal microflora. Protein level increased to 42%.
When choosing food for a kitten, you should be guided by both the composition and the individual needs of the baby. Almost all premium feeds have a wide range of finished product flavors that can satisfy the little fussy.

How to teach a month-old kitten torn from mom to eat independently

Cow’s milk
By the third week of life, a healthy kitten wakes up a healthy interest in food, because nutrition is one of the basic instincts for the survival of an individual.

All that is required of you is to gently push the pet towards independence while observing its safety.

Start with milk. After dipping your finger, let the kitten sniff and lick it, then gently push the baby’s face towards the bowl.

Perhaps he will sneeze or even crawl into milk with his front paws, this is absolutely normal because he is still studying. But don’t let him see food as entertainment. Teach your baby to the food culture from childhood and in adulthood, you will get a cat with a balanced character and adequate actions.

After a few days, the kitten will eat on its own, and you will be able to gradually introduce the first complementary food. First, it should be dishes of a delicate consistency – liquid porridge, pâté from raw meat with broth. Grind harder food pieces with a blender.

Dry food is the most difficult food for a pet. It is moistened with liquid until the baby begins to eat confidently and accurately.

Specialist advice
Habits play an important role in a kitten’s life. The sooner he gets used to a strict daily routine, the easier it will be for him to get used to the new conditions.

The best shampoos for cats, both conventional and specialized medicinal, a rating of popular

 

The feeding area should be quiet and secluded and away from the litter box. After choosing a meal schedule, do not change the clock unnecessarily, so as not to cause anxiety to the baby.

Advice! Buy utensils and feeding utensils that are safe, easy to clean, and free from sharp parts.
A kitten is an extremely demanding creature, he will not eat from a dirty or uncomfortable bowl. If we see a situation when “the kittens have grown a little, but they don’t want to eat from the bowl,” then before raising a panic, pay attention to the pet’s behavior. Is he cheerful, active, moderately cheerful? So the problem is not health. Try changing your feeding accessories, the question may go away.

Do several kittens live in the apartment? Separate their bowls in different corners of the room, avoid competition and hostility.

Conclusion
Watching how your pet develops and grows, you will experience an incredible range of feelings. Yesterday’s baby, who took its first steps, is gradually turning into an independent cat – proud, self-sufficient, and incredibly charming. Thanks to proper nutrition, its coat is silky and shiny, and its constitution is harmonious.

Cats are not dogs! They are contradictory creatures. They do not give their love to the first person they meet. Know: if you deserve the love of a furry friend, this is entirely your victory!

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CAT HEALTH

HOW TO HELP A CAT LOSE WEIGHT: DIET AND FEEDING FEATURES

How to help a cat lose weight:
diet and feeding features

To help a pet furry get rid of obesity, it is important to understand the reason for its development. Sometimes excess weight appears due to illness, and not due to excessive appetite. Weight loss methods are selected strictly individually and depend on the physiological characteristics of the pet. 

In this case, the recommendations of the veterinarian are always similar. The specialist prescribes the fat man to move a lot and eat right. The cat will not be able to follow these recommendations on its own, therefore, the responsibility for maintaining a healthy lifestyle of the pet falls on the shoulders of the person. Not only its appearance depends on this, but also its life expectancy.

All about obesity in cats

From the very first days of the appearance of a cat in the house, the owner must provide his pet with the correct diet and sufficient physical activity. Controlling the amount of food consumed is an important task because the extra pounds significantly shorten the life of the mustache.

All about obesity in cats

Why does the animal become overweight?

A cat becomes fat when it eats more food than it needs. Thus, the furry consumes a lot of extra calories that it cannot use within the apartment. During growing up, when toddlers and teenagers are very active and play a lot, overeating does not affect the appearance. However, over the years, excessive appetite leads to an increase in body fat and ultimately to obesity.

Not always an excellent appetite is a reason for weight gain. Some disorders in the body lead to the accumulation of extra pounds. As a rule, these are:

  • type II diabetes mellitus;
  • metabolic disorders;
  • diseases of the cardiovascular system;
  • arthrosis and arthritis ;
  • oncological diseases;
  • high blood pressure;
  • disruptions in the hormonal system;
  • castration or sterilization operations performed at a later age;
  • improperly selected diet;
  • disturbances in the work of the gastrointestinal tract.

Wild and even courtyard representatives of the feline family rarely suffer from overweight, so they get sick less. Domestic individuals usually lead a sedentary lifestyle, and they receive food without making any effort. A sedentary lifestyle can hardly be called healthy, so most fat men suffer from various ailments.

Why cats get fat

Why obesity is dangerous

Veterinarians report that over a third of all domestic mustaches are overweight. The cats are too addicted to tasty treats and begin to gain extra pounds. The consequences of this can be dire because they provoke the development of serious health problems. The most common ones are:

  • joint diseases;
  • liver problems;
  • pathology of the cardiovascular system;
  • high blood pressure;
  • dangerous neoplasms;
  • diabetes.

The excessive weight prevents the pet from leading an active lifestyle, running with other animals, and playing. The fat man does not want to get up from the couch once again, and even a little physical activity causes him shortness of breath and discomfort. All this negatively affects the physical condition of the pet and leads to a shortening of his life.

Why obesity in cats is dangerous

How to determine if a pet’s weight is out of the normal range

On average, the weight of an adult varies from 3 to 6 kg. Males are usually 1 to 2 kilograms heavier than females of the same breed.

In general, different factors affect weight gain. The main ones include gender and breed, type of feeding, heredity, general physical condition. For example, the normal weight of large species can be up to 8-10 kg. This is considered the norm.

Clear signs that your pet is overeating should be cause for concern. His stomach begins to sag, his waist disappears. If you take the animal in your arms, then the fat layer will be well felt. But the ribs, pelvic bones, and spine, on the contrary, cannot be found by touch.

Obesity changes the appearance of the mustache and leaves it a lot of inconveniences. The fat man’s gait changes, he starts to waddle and loses his former grace.

How to determine the normal weight for a cat

Visit the vet first

Seeing a specialist is an important point in wanting to help your pet. Owners do not always understand what the optimal bodyweight of a pet should be. For example, the constitution of the Persian representatives is very different from the lean Siamese. It would seem that everything is very simple – you need to feed the animal less, and the weight will decrease.

Unfortunately, not everything is so obvious. You cannot put a cat on a diet without first consulting a specialist. Even a two-day hunger can be dangerous for an animal. It leads to irreversible damage to the liver and kidneys.

To begin with, a mustachioed fat man should be examined by a veterinarian. If necessary, he prescribes additional laboratory tests of the patient’s blood or urine. The tests can help identify hidden diseases or other problems that are preventing fat loss. Sometimes the malaise of the animal or its advanced age becomes serious contraindications for prescribing a diet.

How a veterinarian can help a cat lose weight

Formulation of the diet

Based on the characteristics of the patient’s physique, the veterinarian determines the ideal weight of the pet and recommends how to help the cat lose weight. For this, a suitable diet is prescribed. Depending on the number of excess kilograms, the specialist may recommend fractional meals or switching to another type of feeding.

Calculation of the daily portion by volume and calories

Your veterinarian will help you calculate the optimal daily rate, although you can do this yourself. Calculations are based on your pet’s energy requirement, or resting calories (RAC). Define it like this:

  1.   PEP in kcal / day = 70 x (ideal weight in kg) x ¾.
  2.   PEP in kcal / day = 30 x (total weight in kg) + 70.

 

For a cat to start losing excess, it needs to get 80% of the optimal energy requirement in the absence of physical activity. To do this, multiply the PEPP by 0.8 or refer to ready-made calculations.

Daily diet for weight loss of cats

Calorie daily allowance table:

Ideal weight (kg) Calories (based on 80% PEP per day)
3.6 180
4.5 210
5.4

230

 

These are general calculations that will not replace the individual recommendations of a specialist. If a well-fed mustache does not lose excess weight, receiving the prescribed number of calories per day, then the veterinarian will further reduce the portion.

You should be able to count calories in order to measure the required amount of feed. If there is an excess of food, then the animal will not be able to lose weight. Lack of food will lead to starvation, which is very dangerous for four-legged animals.

Choice of feed

Diets designed to reduce body fat cannot be used for fat pussies. First of all, because representatives of the feline family have always been predators – their diet should consist of foods high in protein and a minimum percentage of carbohydrates. This is the type of food that a home glutton needs to choose.

Usually, owners of well-fed cats think about how to feed a cat so that it can lose weight. It is worth taking a closer look at ready-made meals. Owners of full mustache have noticed that by eating diet canned food or dry industrial food, seals lose weight very effectively. In specialized stores, there is a large assortment of nutrition for weight loss – it is marked with the inscription Obesity or Light.

The amount of food offered depends entirely on its calorie content. Therefore, when changing food, find out the difference in calories – most likely, the daily portion will also have to be counted. Pay attention to those ingredients that can cause allergies – they should not be present.

What food will help a cat lose weight

Alternative: natural food

Protein should remain the basis of natural nutrition. Low-fat meat products or fish will be the best option for a losing-weight pet. But the consumption of carbohydrates should be reduced to a minimum. The pet’s diet should include up to 50% protein products, 25 to 40% fats, and no more than 25% carbohydrates.

In no case should you give the fluffy treats from the owner’s table? They contain many harmful substances that are bad for your health. Sweets are strictly forbidden: when digested, they turn into fats. Chicken or fish pieces can be used as treats for a mustachioed friend.

It is not difficult to calculate the portion size of a natural drink: the daily volume is 5% of the pet’s weight if he has a healthy physique. For plump cats, the total daily volume is reduced by 15-20%.

For example, a cat weighs 5 kg and she needs to weigh 4 kg. Therefore, 5% of 5 kilograms – 250 grams per day, they need to be reduced by 20% – you get 200 grams. Now, this amount must be divided by the number of feedings, the resulting figure will be the size of one serving.

How often to feed your cat while losing weight

Feeding frequency

Constant access to bowls of food leads to a set of excess pounds. Homebodies begin to eat more than normal from idleness, so they are able to eat everything. The owner’s task is to control the number of meals and not to overfeed the animal. The veterinarian recommends feeding the patient no more than 2-4 times a day. The serving size is also prescribed by the specialist depending on the type of food.

Will the cat quickly get used to the diet?

As humans, it is not easy for a cat to lose weight quickly. Getting used to a new diet and regimen is gradual and usually forms by the end of the second week. Diet feeds are not introduced immediately, but by mixing them with the usual in the calculation of 1 part of the new to 3 parts of the usual. This is done for 2-4 days. Then the amount of correct food is increased, bringing to a full serving by the end of the second week.

To improve the taste of diet food, it is recommended to slightly warm it up or uses additives. A good option is to use fish oil, which contains omega-3 acids that are beneficial for the mustache. If a well-fed cat still refuses diet food, you should seek advice from your veterinarian.

Does the cat quickly get used to the weight loss diet?

Physical activity

A cat cannot be made to lose weight like a dog through jogging and exercise. Therefore, the owner has to invent different ways to increase the physical activity of an animal with extra pounds.

How to get a cat to move?

Regular physical activity will help reduce body fat. It’s good if they have the opportunity to visit the street – in this case, it will be easier to get rid of the excess mass. You can buy a special harness and go for walks with your cat.

It will not be superfluous to tease the kid, urging him to run after a ball or favorite toy. It is convenient to use special slimming feeders with grooves for feeding – they will make the fluffy work hard before eating the treat. You can independently make a bowl suitable for these purposes by cutting out a window in a plastic bottle. The couch potato will roll it around to get to the food.

How to get your cat to move for weight loss

“Exercises” for the baleen

Experienced cat owners have long known how to lose weight for a castrated cat at home. They recommend placing bowls of food in places where the animal can only get through small obstacles. For example, you can raise the plate higher on the platform or place an obstacle in front of it that needs to be climbed or overcome. For example, you might place a bowl of food at the top of the stairs.

It will be useful to purchase/make a running wheel or special slides. The four-legged friend will train on them, gradually shedding those extra pounds.

The simplest and most affordable “exercise” for a mustache is to join together and spread the front and hind legs to the sides – this charging is done by the hands of the owner.

What not to do

Seals cannot live like dogs or humans. Felines are predators that prefer to sit in ambush and wait. And because of this, they spend a small amount of energy and rarely leave the territory.

You cannot force the animal to run at maximum speed for more than one minute. The pet does not recover well after long distances, and this can harm the health of the furry. Better to chase it little by little, but often.

What can not be done to lose weight cats

Tricks and life hacks

During the process of losing weight, it is difficult not only for a well-fed friend but also for the owner himself and his family members. The animal’s mood changes, it is often irritated, behave aggressively, persistently asks for food. The advice of experienced owners will help you through this difficult period.

Healthy treats

Feeding a friend prone to obesity from the master’s table is strictly contraindicated. As useful treats, you can offer sticks specially made for this, they are made from low-fat meat products – such straws are sold in any pet store.

Slices of chicken or fish are also suitable for promotion. But you can’t pamper a fluffy often – this can ruin his appetite and lead to gluttony.

Weaning from begging

Begging for food, the cat looks pitifully at the person. But the owner and family members should not succumb to provocations. Feeding will not become a manifestation of care and love for a mustachioed friend.

The animal should be weaned from begging. The best way to do this is to divert his attention. You can chat with your pet, caress him or offer a toy. If he does not calm down, it is worth pouring him fresh water.

How to wean a cat from begging

What to do if there are several animals

If there are several pets in the house, and only one needs to lose weight, then difficulties arise. Separate feeding is the main way to provide the fat man with dietary food and not to allow him to eat from other bowls. Food should be placed in different rooms or a bowl of thin pets should be placed on the upper steps, where it is more difficult for a well-fed comrade to get to. The main thing is not to leave food plates unattended.

How often are control weighings carried out?

Once you have developed a plan with your veterinarian to make your cat lose weight, you need to understand its effectiveness. Each animal is different, so the result is not always obvious.

On average, a veterinarian advises weighing an obese patient at least once a month. This will make it possible to track the process of losing weight. If the weight goes away too slowly and no more than 500 g per month, then it is worth revising the weight loss program.

Prevention of obesity in cats

How to consolidate the result or prevention of obesity

Constant physical activity and an adjusted diet will help maintain the result of losing weight and prevent an increase in body weight in the future. It is important for a four-legged couch potato to provide sufficient area for outdoor games. You can make shelves that the cat will use for jumping, or purchase / make a complex for games with your own hands.

We must not forget about different toys that attract adults no less than kittens. Ringing, fluffy, rustling objects interest cats, forcing them to move and move. You should not carry a mustachioed friend in your arms – encourage him to move around the apartment or house. Only the owner’s perseverance and patience will help maintain the normal weight and health of the pet.

The extra pounds of a furry friend is a serious problem that is dangerous to ignore. Obesity leads to serious health problems and, if neglected, to death. Only a veterinarian can choose the right food and give recommendations for physical activity. The owner’s task is to follow the recommendations and monitor the health of the pet.

The article is for informational purposes only. See your veterinarian!

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