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Tips For Fostering Shy Cats

I’m going to talk to you today a little bit about fostering shy cats and kittens.
Basically, when you bring home a kitten or a cat that does have some shyness issues or you feel that they’re not, you know! as cuddly as they should, you want them to be or they’re not interacting as much with you and they’re very scared, then just going to give you some tips on how to help them out overcome these issues. so basically when you get home the first thing that you want to do? are you want to establish a place in the home for the cat or the kitten, in this case, a small room a bathroom a bedroom, something that they can feel comfortable in but yet also someplace where they’re going to be safe or you can find them. kittens especially are notorious for getting out getting under things behind refrigerators under stoves, places that you wouldn’t think that they could fit but they do. so you want to establish a safe territory for them, have food, the litter box, toys blankets that sort of thing. you know where they are and this will give you a home spot for you to be able to work with them and also give them a safe place that they feel more comfortable and relaxed and instead of just free-roaming your whole home and you probably never get a chance to see them.

So basically take them home get them settled in, and give them some breathing room, let me relax for a little while don’t try to force anything on them, try to keep noises to a minimum. what you could do if you’d like? is you could put a radio in the room with them play some soft classical music, something that will help them relax. once you would like to go in there and visit with them, I would suggest going in and sitting down with them, never try to force your attention upon the cat or kitten: meaning don’t pull them out from under beds don’t pull them out from under dressers if they’re hiding something like that do not force them to come out, what you want to do? islet them feel comfortable enough to come to you. so take a book goes into the room sit down read, work on your computer, see television something that aims your focus someplace else, but yet keeps you in the same area with the animal. so that they can see that you are not a threat to them that there’s nothing to be scared of.

Once they get used to your coming and going a little bit, start to offer them treats: say hello to them, even if they’re under the bed, you can peek, under the bed leave them a little treat, try to make every interaction a positive one. that is what you’re trying to get across to them that your interaction in their life is a good thing, you can also start playing with toys with them.

Now obviously you’re going to think well my goodness if I can’t even touch them where how they didn’t even play you know with the toys I bring out. you’d be surprised! sometimes especially with kittens if you’re sitting there on the floor, and you have what I call a fishing pole toy, it’s like a long rod with something hanging down on a toy, and you’re gently swishing it across the floor or something like that. sometimes kids just cannot resist even cats cannot resist to come out and try to get that toy, so that’s something else you can do quietly, just sit there throw it at them don’t throw it so that it hits them in any manner. but just throw that in so they can see it and pull it back to you, interactions like that that you know seemed fun.

Also, any sort of positive reinforcement like treats, even baby food make sure the baby food is chicken or turkey, and also make sure that it’s just chicken or turkey and water, we don’t want any salt we don’t want any preservatives or anything like that. you can get a tongue depressor or spoon take it out, and just sit in front of them and offer them a little bit, and see if that won’t draw them out a little bit.

Besides the tasty treats and the toys and things like that it’s going to take time and patience, but after a while of them, getting used to you coming going, getting used to your voice, getting used to the household noises that are going on around them, they will come out. don’t take it personally if they’re out and when you come in the room, they run and they hide again, that’s it’s a good thing that they even came out and we’re looking around. make sure that you have things in the room that offer them: things to do when you’re not there, like a cat tower or bed by the window or some sort of toys and everything, so that they can start to interact with the environment themselves even when you’re not around.

And one thing you would want to make sure you don’t do: is you don’t want to make loud noises you don’t want to yell at them, you don’t want to have. children come into the room if you have children, and have them screaming or running after them and trying to grab them in any way because that’ll just you know drive them further back into their shyness and make them really scared and not want to come out when anybody’s around.

If you have pets already in the home, try to keep them away from your existing pets because it could traumatize them if your pet is mean to them in any way. so but encourage interaction under doors, this way if a pall is sticking out under a door and your cat starts to play with them or something like that, it starts the general socialization in the home with the pet but in a safe way, and that’s another issue too: you always want to remain safe because in their fearfulness they can lash out in protection, it’s not because they’re mean in any way it’s because they’re scared, and they also see that if they do this to you and you that golf but they know that this will make you go away.

So if that does happen to you don’t immediately turn around and leave the room, just be and quietly in a nice voice saying it’s okay but back of and let them have their space, but leave some sort of positivity behind you when you leave whether it be a toy or treat or something like that. and patience and love and patience and love and after a while, they’d usually do come around.

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What do cats like?

Cats are quite intelligent creatures that are good at being aware of what they like or cause negative emotions. As a rule, a list of the feline’s favorite activities can be compiled based on observations of the behavior of these animals. In this article, you will learn the basic preferences of cats that will help you form a strong and harmonious bond with your furry pet.

Connecting with people

When a cat appears in our life, regardless of its age, we become surrogate parents for it, feline mothers and fathers. Most of us consider cats to be an integral part of our family. This bond with the pet is formed through play, grooming, stroking, and various ways of spending time together.

And although some cat breeds (for example, Bengalis ) do not like to sit on the lap of their owners, they still have a very strong bond with them.

Communication with cats also has significant therapeutic effects in humans. You’ve probably noticed that the presence of a warm purring body next to us has a hypnotic relaxation effect. It is not surprising that the therapeutic features of cats are used for elderly or sick people.


Like many people, cats love to eat good food and snacks between meals. Cat snacks are probably healthier than most of our “junk foods.” However, if there is a problem of overeating, or overfeeding, then the pet’s health can seriously deteriorate.

When it comes to healthy eating, there are three main types of cat food, including:

Fresh or frozen food

In the middle of the 20th century, studies were conducted that confirmed the benefits of raw foods for cats.

Canned food

Canned food is the next best choice for cats after fresh food.

Dry food

In today’s society, when people are absent from work for a long time, raw or canned food can spoil, so dry food is used.


Freshwater is the basis of life on our planet. Cats love cool running water and often drink it directly from the tap. Some cats even play in the water, especially breeds like the Turkish Van. There is nothing wrong with that, and if your cat loves splashing around in the bathtub, you can throw toys in the water to keep your pet entertained.

How much water does a cat need?
About 67% of a cat’s body is water. Dry food contains a minimal amount of water, only about 10%, and cats that constantly eat it definitely need a lot of additional water to maintain the necessary fluid balance in the body. Keep a close eye on the amount of water your cat is drinking as excessive thirst is a symptom of feline diabetes, feline hyperthyroidism, or chronic renal failure. Make sure that there is always clean water in your pet’s bowl.


Most cats love to sleep and devote 14-18 hours a day to this activity. This may seem overwhelming to us humans, but it is natural for cats. It seems that for them it is not important when, where, and how to sleep.

Cats also love to wake their owners up at night. These habits are not natural for us and can lead to insomnia.


Play is extremely important for cats. Both kittens and adult cats will be happy to hunt for their prey, be it a toy or a human hand. The game for a cat takes place at the instinct level because, in the wild, representatives of the feline family are forced to chase and kill their prey in order to survive. Toymakers are aware of this and make products that are great for these predators, including toy mice, birds, butterflies, and other “prey,” as well as laser toys to chase the beam of light.

Bird watching

Cats love to watch birds through a window or in a cage. Probably the main reason is that birds are prey and cats are predators. And the sight of a chirping, feathered creature jumping on the windowsill or even on the TV screen will immediately attract the attention of even the most bored and sleepy cat.

Sharpening claws

Scratching objects is one of the basic needs of these animals. As a rule, this happens when the upper shell of the claw peels off, and with the help of scratching it falls off. When cats sharpen their claws, they experience muscle tension and relaxation. This kind of exercise is another reason for the tearing of a sofa or scratching post.

Do you know people who bite their nails when worried or embarrassed? When cats sharpen their claws, they thus calm down when frightened or stressed. Be sure to get some scratching posts that can meet your pet’s natural needs and protect your furniture.


Most cats love to be combed out by their beloved owners. In this case, it is necessary to ensure that the pet enjoys this procedure. Some cats, especially those prone to feline hyperesthesia, may run away or show aggression. Therefore, choose your pet grooming tools carefully and watch their reactions so you know when to stop. And as soon as you finish brushing your cat, offer her your favorite treat.

People who love them

Cats love tenderness and affection, especially when their loved one gives attention. If you constantly ignore your pet when he wants attention, then in the future he may ignore you. This is fair play, so keep this in mind the next time your cat refuses your pet. In addition, as with brushing, you need to monitor the pet’s reaction to affection, otherwise, you may become a victim of a little aggression.

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History of cat domestication

It would seem that cats and dogs have always lived next to humans. If the dog is completely subordinate to the person, then the situation with cats is not easy. Their domestication never happened completely. They perfectly adapt to life at home, become good companions. These animals have a beautiful appearance and have a special grace, but at the same time, they have a wayward character.

About the origin of cats

Now there are more than 600 million cats around the world, almost 200 different breeds have been bred, from long-haired, Persian cats to animals completely devoid of hair. For more than 10 thousand years, cats have lived next to humans, helping them fight rodents and other household pests.

Little is known about the history of cats. There are several versions of the origin of this wayward animal.

One of the most common is the religious version. During the global flood, a huge number of animals from all over the world were saved on Noah’s ark. Since the giant ship was on the way for a long time, a large number of feces and excrement accumulated on it. Because of the strong stench and the appearance of rodents, all the inhabitants of the ark began to suffer. Rodents bred at great speed, eating food supplies.

So that the animals would not die of hunger, God decided to help them by ordering Noah to stroke first the trunk of the elephant, then the nose of the lion. After that, a large pig jumped out of the trunk, which quickly began to devour harmful waste. A cat soon appeared from the lion’s nose and began to destroy the rodents, which led to the rescue of all the animals floating on the ship.

According to another widespread version, cats flew to Earth from space. According to this theory, the first animals appeared in ancient Egypt. They were completely bald, while the animals could mentally transmit the necessary information to people. According to legend, having met a steppe shaggy cat, the bald cat immediately flared with passion for him, deciding to stay on Earth forever. The couple in love began to bear numerous offspring. Their representatives became the progenitors of domestic cats.

According to American astronauts, during their landing on the moon, they discovered unusual artifacts. After laboratory tests, it was found that these small stones are cat feces.

The most plausible is the scientific version about the appearance of cats. According to scientists, pets originated from ancient Creodonts, who inhabited our Earth almost 50 million years ago. Creodonts were impressive in size, so they kept the weak and small animals at bay.

Some zoologists claim that cats evolved from the small animal proestrus, which lived 20 million years ago. This animal was outwardly similar to a marten, could quickly climb trees, and had a wayward character.

Experts believe that two branches originated and existed from this animal: saber-toothed cats and ordinary cats.

More than 10 thousand years ago, saber-toothed cats completely died out, and representatives of the second branch continue to exist today.

How did domestication come about?

Biologists are still arguing whether the cat really became domesticated because this animal has not lost its hunting skills and habits of solitude, it retains its independence.

Scientists still do not fully know when the cat was domesticated, some of them still argue when this happened. Often a natural question arises, why did people need cats, because they did not give milk or meat, could not transport cargo, or guard the home.

Perhaps the animal itself came to man in search of food. The man realized that cats can get rid of rodents, and began to feed and lure them. It was beneficial for people to have such a hunter who exterminates rodents and other living creatures. The emergence of such an animal in human life allowed people and their pets to coexist together, thus, a kind of mutually beneficial situation developed.

Cats are considered semi-domesticated animals that peacefully exist next to humans as long as they are profitable. If a pet is left without an owner, it starts to run wild. After birth, small kittens immediately become more adapted to survival in the wild.

Representatives of felines have long been revered by people.

  • The inhabitants of Ancient Rome treated these animals with special respect, they worshiped them. For example, the goddess Bast had a cat’s head. The population was strictly forbidden to do any harm to these pets. During the fire, the cats were the first to be taken out of the house. In the event of their death, the owner was in deep mourning and shaved off his eyebrows.
  • The animals were also treated with special respect in China, where their dedication and skill in fighting rodents were highly valued.
  • The Greeks and Romans also treated these animals with great respect and love.
  • In eastern countries, cats were revered very highly, because only they could freely enter the mosque.

According to legend, the prophet Mohammed, in order not to disturb the sleeping cat on his hand, ordered to cut it off so as not to wake the sleeping animal.

In some European countries, these rat-catchers were highly prized. Quite often the cost of a good cat exceeded the price of a cow.

  • According to scientists, cats have first domesticated in Ancient Egypt 6 thousand years ago.
  • Archaeologists, however, assure that the first images of them were found in Ancient Egypt 4-4.5 thousand years ago.
  • During the excavations of Jericho, the remains of people were found next to cats. The age of such a find is 9 thousand years.
  • In Turkey, a figurine of a woman with a cat, dated to the 4th century BC, was discovered. e.

With the onset of the Middle Ages, the time has come for the mass extermination of these animals. Individuals of black or red color enjoyed particular disfavor. It was believed that witches could inhabit them, so the cats were burned at the stake.

The domestication of rodent hunters began with about. Cyprus and Israel. Then these animals began to appear in Egypt and other parts of the world. So, in the countries of Europe, India, and China, cats and cats appeared 2 thousand years ago, in America – about 500 years ago, and in Australia – almost 400 years ago.

The appearance of animals in Russia

In Russia, these fluffy animals appeared only in the 11th century. A large number of them were identified in port cities, so it was believed that they were brought by eastern merchants on merchant ships.

The most ancient remains were found near Odessa. In the cities of the Baltic States, individual individuals appeared in the 5-6th century, in the Volga region – in the 7-9th century. The cat was the keeper of the hearth and its symbol. Also, among the pagan Slavs, she was considered a guide of the soul to another world.

With the adoption of Christianity, Saint Blasius became the patron saint of cats. Many believe that the popular nickname Vaska came from here.

These hunter-rat-catchers lived peacefully at monasteries and temples, where special loopholes in the walls were provided for them.

Initially, only tsars and boyars could afford to keep pets at home, since most of the population simply could not afford them.

Peter the Great brought Vasily the cat from Holland. The pet lived in the royal palace. A royal decree was issued specifically for this.

Very soon these animals became very popular. Breeding them has become commonplace. Many churches kept cats to guard their grain supplies. For an attempt to steal a pet, a large monetary fine was stipulated. In the 18th century, cats in Russia spread everywhere. A domestic cat becomes a favorite for its owners. At this time, signs and beliefs associated with these animals appeared.

Purposefully bred new breeds of steel in 1800. For the exhibition in London, decorative species were specially bred. Siamese and Persian cats impressed the visitors of the exhibition. In the modern world, geneticists are working on breeding other breeds of pets with different colors, body sizes, and types of fur.

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The “cats are better than dogs” debate is as old as the world, and a quick glance at the available information seems to point to a clear winner: dogs. On all Internet platforms such as Instagram, GIFs and photos are most often dogs.

In the physical world, dog parks have sprouted seemingly in every neighborhood and even appear in coworking spaces with startling frequency and acceptance. The scientific community has also taken this position. A recent study in Society & Animals found that humans have more empathy for puppies than humans. In other words, the cat versus dog debate has long been settled.

But not so fast. Cats, as everyone who has them will tell you, are actually better than dogs. They are softer, sweeter and smarter, quieter and cleaner.

Cats are masters at anything: both lazy bums and merciless killers (rodents).

In addition, we once worshiped them as gods. And all of this is not just meaningless pontificates – there is a science to back it up. Yes, you might think that a dog is “man’s best friend.” But here are some reasons why cats are better than dogs.

1. Cats love people more than food

Cats have earned a bad reputation for being cold and distant. “They only love you because you feed them,” cat owners often say. There is also a persistent, vile rumor that if you died, the cat would not care. And, in fact, he would eat your remains to survive.

cat and man

However, new research shows that all of this thinking is deceiving. According to a recent study of behavioral processes, cats prefer human interaction to all other pleasures. (Food, toys, and catnip were other stimuli in the study.) Can you say the same for dogs?

2. And this love means more than the love of a dog

Dogs seem to love everyone. Cats, on the other hand, are more reserved when meeting someone new.

It can be nice when a dog shows love to you, but you know that everyone else gets the same treatment. However, when a cat warms you up, it feels special and unique – as if you deserve it. And as we just learned from this study of behavioral processes, no, it’s not just about food.

3. They catch mice

Once you have a cat, you will never see another mouse in your house again. This is one of the most practical reasons why cats are better than dogs.

4. Cats spray less water when they drink

Scientists at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Princeton University have found that cats drink water much more efficiently than dogs. When a cat drinks, its tongue does not actually pierce the surface of the water; it forms a funnel that lifts water at three times the speed of gravity.

cat drinks water

The dog, on the other hand, simply slams its tongue into a bowl of water like a cannonball. This is scientific evidence that cats rule and dogs drool – literally.

5. Owning a cat can make you smarter

Next time someone gets you to prove why cats are better than dogs, share it with them: Cat people are smarter than dog people. Cat lovers tend to score better on exams than dog lovers, according to a Carroll University study.

6. They take up less space

On average, cats weigh about 4 kg and are 40-50 cm tall. Dogs, of course, have more variables – there are hundreds of different breeds – but medium-sized dogs will weigh on average about 20 kg and grow to about 60 cm. who occupies more of your well-deserved space is not difficult to understand.

7. They live longer

One of the main reasons cats are better than dogs is that they live much longer. In fact, a domesticated cat will live anywhere from 13 to 17 years old. Dogs from 10 to 13.

8. Your cat won’t bark at strangers

Dogs seem to perk up and become aggressive, barking and biting when you encroach on their privacy. Walking by the dog’s lawn? Woof woof woof! Walking past a dog tied to a cafe? Woof woof woof!

While this behavior may seem likable to a dog owner, to those less fascinated by dogs, it seems intimidating. A cat would never do that.

9. They’re not as smelly as dogs

If you want to provoke some instant disgust, just think about the words “wet” and “dog.” That’s right: you know exactly what kind of unpleasant smell we are talking about. And you also know that few things disturb the olfactory nerves so much. Cats never smell like that.

10. Cats sleep a lot

Fact: Animals are best when they sleep. Cats sleep anywhere from 12 to 16 hours a day, which means you have over half of your waking hours. And honestly, you could learn a lesson from your feline friend: we could all sleep a few more hours every day.

11. They’re killing machines

Before you judge a cat’s sleeping habits, know that these long hours are not so much due to laziness as due to evolutionary code. Cats are natural predators; Unlike other mammals, which may have been looking for food, cats had to hunt, which meant spending more time sleeping, saving energy for hunting.

cat and mouse

For the same reason, most of this 12-16 hour period is spent in the light nap. Before they became domesticated, felines had to sleep lightly in case prey – or a more dangerous predator – entered their territory.

Moreover, this centuries-old history of hunting has passed into modern times. Domestic cats kill 2.9 billion rodents and birds each year, according to a study by the University of Georgia. That’s all there is to say: your cat is a biological Terminator, and we would have drowned in rats if not for the valiant efforts of cats.

12. Dogs are worse for the environment

You might assume that all this mindless death leaves a negative impact on the environment, but ecosystems are well adapted. In fact, it is not cats, but dogs that are more harmful to the planet. According to a study by New Zealand researchers, the environmental impact of an SUV is about 2.1 times that of dogs. It’s about the serious carbon footprint of dogs.

13. Cats are clean

Cats do not require regular grooming sessions like dogs. The cat’s tongue is serrated in such a way that it removes dirt from the fur with amazing efficiency. Cats literally lick themselves is another practical reason why cats are better than dogs.

the cat licks itself

14. Cats don’t need to be walked

Whenever dogs need relief, you should take them outside. Yes, you can train them to do this only at certain times of the day, but still, it is a pain. Cats will simply gravitate towards the litter box of their own accord. The cat and its owner don’t care about each other in this regard – and this is indeed one of the nicest reasons why cats are better than dogs.

In fact, some may even use the toilet. It’s true. You just have to start training your kitten at about three to four months old.

15. They were once gods

cat deity

In 3000 BC. felines were worshiped as deities. The Egyptian goddess Bastet is one of the first. It was believed that her sister in folklore, Sekhmet, the warlike goddess of healing, blew Egypt with her breath. Oh, and there is one more thing called the Sphinx. You may have heard about this.

But feline worship is not part of ancient Egyptian culture. There is also Davon, the Hindu sacred tigress; Keth, Balinese “king of spirits”; and the entire pantheon of pre-Columbian Mayan jaguar gods. In other words: your cat may have descended from a deity. Whether you believe in such things or not, however, it doesn’t hurt to treat your cute pet like a deity.

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7 Things People Do That Cats Hate


Orange British Shorthair cat lying on couch

Does your cat seem upset or anxious? Do its body signals seem negative or is it practicing inappropriate bathroom habits?

What’s bothering your cat could very well be something that bothers you, too. From dirty bathrooms to spoiled food to too loud music, cats and humans share more pet peeves than you may think. And believe it or not, you could be making some mistakes as an owner, unknowingly causing these top things cats can’t stand. Don’t worry—we’ve got your back—here’s how to remedy them.

  • 01of 07

    Cats Hate Feeling Lonely

    Gray cat lying on a leather sofa.

    Contrary to popular belief, cats are not solitary animals! It’s true that you can leave your cat alone for longer bouts than you could a dog, but kitties crave attention, companionship, and love just like any other furry friend—or human. If left alone for extended periods of time, it can develop feelings of sadness, lethargy, and even depression.

    If you have a busy schedule, be sure to set aside a few minutes each day to spend some quality time with your cat. Even 15 minutes of playtime every few hours will keep it happy and healthy. An even better solution? Consider adopting another cat, so it has a full-time companion.

  • 02of 07

    Cats Hate Dirty Litter Boxes

    Brown long-haired cat sitting in a litter box.

    Using a dirty toilet—in public or in a home—is pretty gross, right? Well, cats feel the same way about dirty litter boxes.

    It’s important to clean out your cat’s litter boxes every day, or at least every other day, depending on the number of cats you have and their bathroom habits. Don’t want to scoop poop daily? Consider investing in a self-cleaning litter box.

    Keeping a clean litter box isn’t just about scooping either. Depending on the type of litter you use, the frequency with which you scoop it, and the number of cats in your household, litter should be replaced about every two weeks.

  • 03of 07

    Cats Hate Spoiled Food

    Black and white cat eating out of a food dish on the floor.

    You probably don’t want to dig into a big plate of spoiled food—and surprise!—neither does your cat. Not only does stale or spoiled food taste bad, but it can make your cat sick, too.1 Bacteria such as Salmonella and Staphylococcus can grow in food that’s been exposed for too long, especially in the warmer months.

    Whenever you’re serving up your kitty’s meals, be sure to check the expiration dates on both wet and dry food. If you find yourself saving lots of leftovers after your cat’s meals, you may need to assess how much it actually needs to be eating. Your veterinarian can help you decide based on his breed, age, and activity levels.

  • 04of 07

    Cats Hate Yucky Medicine

    Tabby cat licking its front paw.

    When you’re feeling lousy, the last thing you want to do is down some yucky tasting medicine. And the same holds true for your cat. When taking medication, many cats foam at the mouth, hold the pill in their esophagus, or just spit it back out.

    Whether your cat needs medication for a cold or infection or has a chronic condition that requires the ongoing administering of medication, it’s vital to make the experience a bit more palatable for the kitty.

    First, train your cat to be comfortable having its face and mouth handled; associate the sensations with something positive by rewarding it with a small treat. Then, establish a medication schedule, so it knows what to expect and when.

    If you’re still having issues with administering pills, there are lots of soft treats with pockets designed for holding pills.

  • 05of 07

    Cats Hate Overly Aggressive Petting

    Hand petting a calico kitten.

    If you have a cat, you know there are only certain areas it will allow you to pet—and if you pet the wrong part, it will hiss, scratch, or bite. Cats can be extremely sensitive to tactile stimuli, so it’s important to be aware of where and how you’re petting them.

    Want to keep your cat happy? Cats groom each other on the head and neck—and seriously dislike “full-body” pets down the length of their backs—so try to stick to the areas around their head and neck only. Pay close attention to its behavior and body signals to understand acceptable and unacceptable petting.

  • 06of 07

    Cats Hate Competition From Other Cats

    two black and white cats sitting on a black blanket.

    Whether battling over food, space, toys, or their humans’ attention, cats can become jealous of one another. Unfortunately, this jealousy can manifest as aggression and, depending on the situation, misdirected aggression.2

    For example: If a house cat feels threatened by an outdoor cat, but can’t attack it, the house cat may redirect his aggression toward another cat inside the house.

  • 07of 07

    Cats Hate Loud Noises

    Gray and white cat lying on a blue bedspread

    From thunderstorms to arguments to fireworks, lots of loud noises and commotion can seriously stress your cat out.3 And chronic stress from loud noises can cause a number of behavioral and health issues, including skittishness, aggression, or depression, as well as hair loss, lack of appetite, and over-grooming.

    It can be tough, but try to limit your cat’s exposure to loud noises. Keep it in a quiet, safe space when guests are over or during bad weather and avoid playing very loud music or cranking up the volume on the TV.

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Cat food

Abyssinian cat eats meat

This article is the result of long-term observation of their animals, basic knowledge of the anatomy and physiology of cats, the study of a large number of Internet articles. One of the most controversial topics in felinology is the topic of rational nutrition. Do you lack drive, emotion, and communication? Ask the question: what do you prefer to feed your cats? Better yet, categorically declare your adherence to ready-made feeds or a natural diet, this is not important, the main thing is to express the irreconcilability of the position.

I do not want to take either side in this protracted conflict, I want to talk only about facts, nothing more. And perhaps we will be able to look at the topic of cat nutrition from a new angle.

Fact 1: Cats are obligate predators. Their jaws and teeth are designed to kill and tear the victim to pieces. Cats do not chew, they swallow food in rather large pieces. And before they eat, they must first track down and catch this very victim.

Fact 2: Cats have almost no taste in food compared to humans. We have about 9000 taste buds on our tongue, less than 500 in cats (about 2000 in dogs). But the sense of smell is almost 14 times more sensitive than that of humans, and the special vomeronasal organ of Jacobson, located on the palate behind the incisors, is much better developed (remember how funny cats open their mouths, sniffing at a cat in heat). The sense of touch in cats is much more important in eating food than in humans, so the consistency of the food is important. The lips and nose are very susceptible to heat. Contrary to popular belief, a cat’s sweet taste is determined, albeit worse than bitter, salty, or sour.

Fact 3: The normal acidity of the gastric juice of a cat is approximately pH 1-1.5, it is a very concentrated hydrochloric acid capable of dissolving bones and bacteria, preventing the penetration of protozoa. Eggs of helminths and cysts of protozoa can survive, because they have a sufficiently dense shell, and for their death, a long exposure (exposure) in an acidic environment is needed, and the advancement of the food lump in predators occurs rather quickly.

Fact 4: Cats have very short intestines. The ratio of intestinal length to body length is only 3: 1, 4: 1. For comparison: in dogs 6: 1, in humans 10: 1, in herbivores 20: 1 or more. The intestinal absorption capacity of cats is also lower. According to various authors, about 10% less than in dogs. The movement of the food bolus along the gastrointestinal tract in obligate predators occurs much faster than in herbivores since it is much more difficult to obtain nutrients from plant food. The digestion process in a cat takes about 12 hours, in cows a few days.

Fact 5: Cats are not adapted to the consumption of plant and carbohydrate foods: short intestines, relatively high speed of passage of the food bolus, nuances of the exocrine function of the pancreas. A cat’s salivary glands do not produce amylase. * Amylase is the main enzyme that breaks down carbohydrates. Cats get glucose not from carbohydrates, but from proteins. Cat cells have an increased insulin tolerance, so the intake of rapidly digestible carbohydrates, an increase in the proportion of carbohydrate foods in the diet is fraught with problems, in particular, the development of diabetes

Fact 6: Metabolic problems with a high content of plant foods in the cat’s diet are not only due to the relatively high content of carbohydrates. Amino acid composition and their relationship to each other are a big problem.
For cats, 11 amino acids are essential, that is, they cannot be synthesized by the body and must be supplied with food: taurine, arginine, histidine, leucine, lysine, phenylalanine, threonine, isoleucine, methionine, tryptophan, and valine. When synthesizing proteins, each type of body tissue requires a strictly specific set of amino acids.

For example, in the composition of tissue protein, valine, arginine, and tryptophan are contained in equal amounts (1: 1: 1), but if their ratio in the diet is 1: 1: 0.5, then the assimilation of all these amino acids is determined by the amino acid contained in minimum quantity.

Lysine can only work in the body when another amino acid, arginine, is present. Products that combine both substances are cheeses and dairy products.

Adequate dietary intake and the ratio of the three amino acids to each other: valine, leucine, and isoleucine are critical. These three amino acids work only together and have their own abbreviation: BCAA (from the English branched-chain amino acid, branched-chain amino acid). BCAAs reduce cortisol levels and increase blood serotonin levels, providing a sense of peace and tranquility; maintain insulin synthesis at the proper level; stimulate the synthesis of growth hormone, ensuring the growth and development of young animals and the maintenance of muscle mass in adults. Adequate intake of these amino acids in the correct ratio has almost the same anti-obesity effect as fasting. The best sources of BCAAs are chicken meat and chicken hearts, and beef is also rich in these amino acids.

Taurine is a vital amino acid, the deficiency of which very quickly causes pathological changes in the cat’s body. Two target organs are affected in the first place: the eyes and the heart. Since the discovery of the effect of taurine on the heart muscle of cats, and it began to be added to ready-made diets without fail, the number of animals with dilated cardiomyopathy has decreased significantly. Taurine is also essential for the adequate functioning of immunocompetent cells. In neutrophils, the percentage of taurine among all free amino acids of the cytoplasm is 76%, in lymphocytes 44%. Taurine deficiency causes a decrease in the activity of the cellular link of immunity: phagocytosis is inhibited, the activity of neutrophils decreases, the degree of damage to one’s own cells by oxidants and free radicals increases. Moreover, it is the cellular link that is the basis of the immune defense of cats. A natural source of taurine is meat, most of all it is found in the heart muscle.

The rational selection of proteins from different products, taking into account their mutual complementarity, is very important when drawing up a diet.

Fact 7: In addition to essential amino acids, cats need food and other substances that the body cannot synthesize. Among them, niacin, or vitamin B3 (niacin is the general name for nicotinic acid, nicotinamide, and their metabolic products). Deficiency of niacin leads to loss of appetite and weight, gum disease, and hemorrhagic diarrhea. The source of the vitamin for cats is eggs, meat, fish, wheat bran and yeast.
Cats cannot absorb beta-carotene from plant foods, they need active vitamin A, which they can only get from animal products, primarily the liver and egg yolk. This circumstance should be taken into account when choosing food supplements (retinal palmitate is needed). With hypovitaminosis, night vision, and the condition of the skin and coat deteriorate, babies lag behind in development. It should be remembered that an excess of vitamins can be more dangerous than hypovitaminosis, especially you should not get carried away with food additives. Chronic A-hypervitaminosis in predators (cats and dogs), arising, for example, due to prolonged feeding of their raw liver, causes a disease of the spine, which is characterized by bone growths along the edges of the vertebral bodies and is accompanied by limited mobility of the joints of the cervical spine.
The cat’s body is unable to convert linolenic fatty acid to arachidonic acid. Therefore, the diet should contain ready-made arachidonic acid. Gamma-Linolenic Acid is an Omega-6 unsaturated fatty acid and is considered the most important fatty acid for dogs and cats. It plays a key role in maintaining animal skin health. Found in most vegetable and animal fats, including chicken fat. Arachidonic acid also belongs to Omega-6 PUFA, which is in the body a source of a number of highly active biological substances that take part in the processes of maintaining hemostasis, blood clotting, the transmission of nerve impulses, and many others. Lack of arachidonic acid leads to impaired blood clotting, prolonged wound healing, slowed tissue regeneration, impaired vascular permeability, pathologies in the contractile activity of the muscular wall of the bronchi, veins, arteries, the development of dermatitis, a decrease in local and general immunity. Contained in red meat, liver, eggs, especially in milk fat, as well as in salmon, salmon oil. Omega-3s – Unsaturated fatty acids are equally important for the normal metabolism and optimal health of cats, the main sources are fish oil, animal fats, and egg yolk, as well as flaxseed oil and seaweed. The most important omega-3 acids for dogs and cats: Omega-3s – Unsaturated fatty acids are equally important for the normal metabolism and optimal health of cats, the main sources are fish oil, animal fats, and egg yolk, as well as flaxseed oil and seaweed. The most important omega-3 acids for dogs and cats: Omega-3s – Unsaturated fatty acids are equally important for the normal metabolism and optimal health of cats, the main sources are fish oil, animal fats, and egg yolk, as well as flaxseed oil and seaweed. The most important omega-3 acids for dogs and cats:

  • Alpha linolenic acid (ALA);
  • Eicose Pentaenoic Acid (EPA);
  • Docosa Hexaenoic Acid (DHA).

Alpha linoleic acid (ALA) is considered an essential fatty acid for dogs and cats. It has been experimentally proven that the absence of essential fatty acids in the diet of experimental animals leads to problems with the skin and hair, and negatively affects the reproductive function and excretory system. The introduction of alpha-linolenic acid into the diet eliminates these pathologies if the processes have not become irreversible. The main natural sources of α-linolenic acid are various vegetable oils (linseed, sea buckthorn). Cats can synthesize EPA and DHA from ALA, although conversion rates will below. Docosa Hexaenoic Acid (DHA) is important for the development of the brain and immune system, as well as maintaining vision in young animals.
The ratio of Omega 6 to Omega 3 PUFA is extremely important. The normal ratio for a cat is 1 / 1.3, while in ready-made feeds the ratio is 10/1, which causes a bias in reactions towards activating the production of ATs to its own cells and contributes to the formation of chronic inflammatory processes. Too low a ratio of Omega 6 / Omega 3 PUFA increases the risk of developing arthritis and allergic reactions, disorders of digestion and higher nervous activity, contributes to a protracted course of inflammatory processes, and impaired development of young animals. The inclusion of Omega-3 PUFAs in the diet, primarily fish oil or preparations based on it in the treatment of pruritic dermatoses, can significantly reduce the dose of hormones and antihistamines, and shorten the duration of treatment.

Fact 8: The ducts of the pancreas and liver are always connected in cats into a common duct that flows into the duodenum. Therefore, the inflammatory process always spreads from one organ to another, it is only a matter of time.

Fact 9: Exocrine cells of the pancreas of adult cats that produce digestive juices have an extremely low ability to adapt to dietary changes. The enzymatic composition is stable and relatively poor, primarily due to a decrease in the production of enzymes that break down carbohydrates. At a young age, the adaptive capacity of the pancreas is higher. If you do not know what your kitten will eat in the future, introduce him to both ready-made diets and natural foods, this will reduce the risk of digestive problems in the future.

Fact 10: The gut is one of the main organs of the mammalian immune system, and cats are no exception. The end segment of the thin section (ileum) is rich in lymphoid elements that lie in the mucous membrane and are represented by both single (solitary) follicles and their clusters in the form of Peyer’s patches. In fact, the intestine is the main organ that triggers the circulation of immunocompetent cells and the synthesis of immunoglobulins, forms sensitivity to foreign substances, and provides all mucous membranes with local defense factors. I would like to note that keeping young animals in conditions close to sterile significantly impairs the development of Peyer’s patches with all the ensuing consequences.

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Should I Brush My Cat’s Teeth?

What’s up everybody your cat daddy today on the scoop what is the scoop about brushing your cat’s teeth what’s that all about. now listen when we talk about the scoop, this is my personal experience my personal take and I am going to put out this disclaimer right off the bat go and have a conversation with your vet about such things, and that’s what today is my personal experience, there is our disclaimer now let’s get on with it.

So here’s the thing when it comes to your cat’s dental health, sure I mean just like with anybody’s dental health you don’t want to allow the formation of plaque, you don’t want gums to get inflamed, you don’t want all this junk that’s forming under their teeth to form and fester and whatnot and to that end, you would say right brushing their teeth seems like the right thing to do, I mean it breaks all that stuff down and that’s great, that’s fine and I’ll tell you this is just something that just kind of bugs me, is that for every time I take our cats in for their general wellness exam you know once a year sometimes more often if they’re seniors.

A lot of times we’ll get that little toothbrush pack you know with a little finger toothbrush and then it comes back to our house and it sits in a drawer I’m sorry that’s what happens and it makes us feel like bad people because we’re not brushing our cat’s teeth every day because we know that for the most part, we didn’t adopt our cats as kittens, it’s harder to get an adult cat into it and I’m not just willing based on the results that I’ve seen in terms of my animal family’s dental health. we haven’t seen disasters happen you know so i just I’m not willing to risk it and it just as I said, I think it’s a setup especially.

If you have multiple cats to expect to brush their teeth every day, and listen if you can get away with once a week if your cat’s cool with it and you have formed that positive association and you can get away with it once a week or once every couple of weeks or however often that you can do it. then hey man do that just my true man.

Few little pointers about brushing your cat’s teeth: because it sounds you know a little nightmarish the idea of sticking your finger in your cat’s mouth or a brush or whatever, every day and that’s part of the scoop because I agree, but that said if you want to get started early, what we do when we want to get cats acclimated to having their nails trimmed which has to get done? has to get done every four to five weeks max, you want to trim your cat’s nails. the way to do it is at first you start with just sort of you know touching the paws. slowly you get yourself up to the point where you press on the knuckle here and boop outcomes the claw, then we get into the trimming of it we try to make it a positive experience.

Okay so that’s nail trimming now when it comes to toothbrushing, it would apply the same way, when they’re young you just want to start handling their mouth, you know when you guys are hanging out now of course cats love to have their cheeks rubbed most cats do. so you can start there a lot of times you guys might have seen this before when you have your cat rub up against you and you get into that gum sometimes and they’re like, as you go towards up the cheek, that’s where you go. you know you’re trying to handle their mouth and then slowly we get to the point where and of course this is very important if you’re using toothpaste you’re going to use an animal toothpaste a cat toothpaste not human ever, because that could be very toxic to your cats, so you want to use it something that’s species-specific, but then you put that on your finger and then you’re rubbing it in, you know that kind of thing then you graduate up to a brush. okay so that’s a very fast motion about how to brush your cat’s teeth, and there are much better tutorials out there that go into a lot better detail. but that’s not the point of the scoop.

The point of the scoop here is, is it practical can you do it every day, my experience is with most cats no, and even if it is practical on a daily basis. how many times are you going to do that daily before your cat starts to flinch every time your hand comes towards their face. again my experience is that that’s what happens. we know what it’s like when we have a cat with a chronic illness, they have to get medication every day, if we don’t find a routine around it to make it somehow positive. every time you come up to your cat they’re going to be like what are you going to do to me, and that’s a painful thing for us to have to go through. so if we can sort of moderate how many times we’re gonna go up to our cat? and mess with them to some degree, then, in my opinion, we are on that side, and again I can just see every vet out there just going who is this looney tunes idiot.

I have just found that the most effective way to make sure my cat’s teeth are clean: is to take my cats to the vet and have dental procedures done. yes, they have to go under anesthesia for that that’s why we only do it you know I mean I go once a year, maybe a little more, and then make sure my cat’s teeth are clean. uh, that’s a great way to do it in the meantime, yeah I mean I hear you guys out there saying well look plaque forms within a day or two. true, but again in my experience unless there’s a serious dental disease that goes above and beyond plaque formation. I’m just not seeing my cats wind up with rotten teeth or teeth that are falling out I mean granted as they get older. okay I hear you I mean if I were brushing my cat’s teeth every day, once they get to 14 15 years old I wouldn’t have to have that that oh can I bring them in for a dental or not, but your vet will be able to say yeah your cat’s healthy enough for this.
look guys cats are living longer lives now than they ever have before, in the past the idea of having routinely 17 18-year-old cats was not realistic with advances in medical care proactive measures that we take, better nutrition, etc.

Cats are living longer lives. so yeah that question of what happens once they get older? yeah, I get that and there’s I have no clear answer for that. but I just also don’t like the idea, that we can encourage our cats to accept an everyday brushing, and for us to do that every day to get our cats down on the ground and whatever it is even if we make a vaguely positive experience, as often as you can sure. you know, in my experience taking them to the vet for regular dental, keeps their teeth clean.

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