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Kitten Care

WHERE TO PET A CAT? – FAVORITE PLACES AND TIPS

Where to Pet a Cat? – FAVORITE PLACES and TIPS

Although it may seem improbable many cat Guardians don’t know how to pet a cat, they might be surprised to see their cat bite or scratch at their hands during the middle of a petting session. something they thought was a mutually relaxing experience, in actuality, many have been warned without realizing it that article explained by sure knew how and where to put a cat.

The domestic cat-like its wild counterparts is a solitary animal, but domestication has fostered more social behavior in the species. individual cats might be more or less tolerant of interaction depending on genetics socialization and experience, in general cats do not like excessive manipulation, which is why understanding feline communication is key in getting to know our cat, identifying their tolerance threshold, and having adequate expectations in terms of petting. some signs of a happy cat: include relaxed body posture, erect ears, tail, and head raised, walking confidently, on a vibrating tail. when you’re able to identify these body postures, you will know your cat is relaxed and receptive to being petted, you can inspire a sense of security by providing a relaxed atmosphere, using a soft tone of voice, and progressively approaching them, we should let the cat take the initiative and end the session when they want to.

Where to pet a cat?
We should start by offering the cat long and soft strokes which go with the direction of their fur, ideally always follow the same direction and avoid passing, hitting, or pinching even if the intention is good. in the first sessions, we need to be careful and affectionate, we start at the top by using the tips of our fingers like a comb around their head and neck, we can also massage the upper and middle part of their back starting with the shoulder blades and ending near the base of the ribcage. we can also gently scratch the cheeks and lower a part of their chin, avoid stroking their belly, tail, legs, or paw pads. these areas are not usually appreciated and we can often observe signs of displeasure when we touch them, if we ignore these signs the cat may increase the intensity of their warning with a scratch or a bite, some of the signs a cat is annoyed to include tense body posture, ears back, bristled tail batting, fast-moving to, fast movements in general, bristled coat, arched body, open mouth, hissing or Yardley. if we observe any of these signs we should stop them, we shouldn’t ever get to the point where they are displaying these signs, the ideal is too little by little get to know the limits of their tolerance when it comes to petting, but avoid getting past this threshold.

How to pet a cat to sleep?
Through petting we can relax our cat to the point of sleep, you can then begin to offer soft and long strokes over and along their back, it’s important to take breaks which become longer and longer between petting, so the body stops being stimulated and the cat begins to rest. finally, when the cat is very relaxed and has its eyes closed, we can stop comfort, peace, and relaxing signs are key to making the cat feel safe and sleepy. not all cats will allow you to pet them, if this is the case with yours you need to know the keys to getting past this are patience, respect, and positive reinforcement. a no kiss should be punished or scold a cat that doesn’t want to be petted.

What if my cat does not let themselves be petted?
If we see our cat does not like being petted is aggressive, scared, or rejects any manipulation we should suspect a physical or mental health issue. we need to avoid touching the cat when they are relaxed, asleep, or distracted. neither should we make sudden movements otherwise we can’t expect a scratch? in shy, scared, or aggressive cats handling should always be smooth, positive, and gradual. we need to avoid prohibited areas and use positive reinforcement to reassure them, do the same with a camming and positive voice, and don’t be afraid to use treats. in more acute cases it may be helpful to use pheromones, find other ways to improve their welfare, or even consult a veterinarian.

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CAT HEALTH

HOW TO GET YOUR CAT TO DRINK WATER

How to get your cat to drink water: what kind of water to give your pet, choosing a bowl and watering-place, as well as a few tricks to increase the attractiveness of water for a cat

Many people believe that getting a cat to drink water is impossible and unnecessary. The bowl is worth it – what else? If he wants, he will drink, he will not die of thirst. It is this approach that causes problems with the urinary system in urban cats.

How to get your cat to drink water: what kind of water to give your pet, choosing a bowl and watering place, as well as a few tricks to increase the attractiveness of water for a cat

All pets need access to freshwater, without exception. But first of all – to those who eat dry food. As planned by mother nature, predators receive a lot of fluid from the blood and other components of the prey. And when kept in an apartment, seals eat either bloodless meat or dry food, less often canned food. Under these conditions, owners need to further stimulate interest in water. Drinking plenty of fluids helps indoor cats maintain kidney and urinary health.

A mother cat teaches kittens not only to eat from a bowl and visit a litter box but also to drink water. If a person is raising babies, this responsibility falls on his shoulders.

CONTENT

  • 1 Why do cats drink little water
  • 2 Why is insufficient fluid intake dangerous?
  • 3 What kind of water to give a cat
  • 4 What containers do cats like to drink from?
  • 5 Arrange the right place for watering
    • 5.1 Water should not stand next to food
    • 5.2 Water should not stand next to the tray
    • 5.3 There should be several sources of water
    • 5.4 Water at an elevation
  • 6 4 more tricks to get your cat to drink water
    • 6.1 Flavor water
    • 6.2 Running water
    • 6.3 Ice cubes
    • 6.4 Toy floating in the water
  • 7 Conclusion: how to tell if your pet is drinking enough water

The author of the article: Olga Shiltsova, a practicing veterinarian, author of the books ” Dachshund of Fate ” and ” Tails of Fortune ”

 

Why do cats drink little water?

From a biological point of view, all domestic cats are representatives of the “steppe cat” subspecies, which exist to this day. Domestication had almost no effect on the basic behavior patterns of the small predator. Therefore, cats behave as if they still live in the desert or steppe – they try to do without a watering hole for a long time.

Cats do not like to drink, which is why their urine has such a strong smell – it is much more concentrated than that of humans or dogs. The feeling of thirst in cats is dulled, they pay much more attention to hunger.

Another reason your pet is not getting enough fluid is because of the unproductive lacquering mechanism. A cat can spend a lot of time by the bowl and still drink very little water.

How to get your cat to drink water: what kind of water to give your pet, choosing a bowl and watering place, as well as a few tricks to increase the attractiveness of water for a cat

The cat’s tongue just touches the water and rushes back. The water rises in a “column” and the cat grabs it, closing its mouth. The tongue moves very quickly – about four movements per second.

Pets kept on dry food are at risk for insufficient moisture intake . The moisture content in granules is about 10%, while in raw meat or canned food – 70-80% water. A cat eating dry food must drink substantially more water to compensate for this difference.

Why insufficient fluid intake is dangerous

If the cat drinks little, it develops chronic dehydration. First of all, the owners notice problems with the wool – it fades, falls out. Then the urinary system suffers. The urine becomes too concentrated and the salt crystals in it precipitate. First, “sand” is formed, and then larger stones. Urolithiasis is especially dangerous for males – sand clogs the long and thin urethra, causing urinary retention.

Water is also important for digestion. Chronic dehydration causes constipation. If your pet’s feces are hard, like pebbles, this is a warning sign.

When you are dehydrated, your blood becomes thicker and your blood pressure rises. This is especially dangerous for cats with kidney or heart failure.

How to get your cat to drink water: what kind of water to give your pet, choosing a bowl and watering place, as well as a few tricks to increase the attractiveness of water for a cat

Too little water …

Usually, owners think about how to get a cat to drink water, precisely after the appearance of serious health problems – an attack of cystitis or urolithiasis, since such diseases come back again and again.

What kind of water to give a cat

The quality of piped water in cities varies greatly from region to region. In large cities, modern treatment facilities have been installed, but at the same time, old pipes serve as a source of harmful impurities. Water with a high content of chlorine, heavy metals, fluoride, as well as hard water with a large number of salts is not suitable for cats. I also do not recommend giving boiled water to cats – it tastes badly.

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The water in the jar tastes much better to the kitten than the water in the bowl.

The best option is fresh filtered water or bottled water, but of good quality. Water from different sources tastes different, here you have to experiment. Country cats enjoy drinking rain and well water.

In pet stores, you can see water specifically for pets, but I see it more as a marketing ploy.

The water should be fresh, it is changed every day (more often if the animal has problems with the urinary system). The bowl should be washed regularly.

What containers do cats like to drink from?

If you want to encourage your cat to drink more water, you need to choose the right bowl. It should be large: wide, deep and stable.

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It is better to refuse metal and plastic dishes, as they give the water a specific taste. A good bowl is easy to clean and does not absorb odors. Suitable materials:

  • Ceramics;
  • Porcelain;
  • Glass;
  • Enamel.

Some cats like to drink exclusively from tall dishes. For such cats, it is better to highlight a glass, mug, or vase. You can purchase a dog bowl on a stand (height adjustable).

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Drinking from a glass is a real thrill

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This kitten kept turning the bowl of water over, so the owner gave him a marble mortar to drink!

 

Arrange the right place for watering

Sometimes a cat drinks little water just because the bowl of water is in the wrong place and there is no alternative.

Water should not stand next to food

The most common misconception of owners is to put a bowl of food and a bowl of water next to them, or even use a double bowl. Drinking where he ate is not typical for cats; in nature, a watering hole is always located far from the hunting place. And this instinct is still relevant: if a pellet of feed or a piece of meat falls into a bowl of water, it will instantly deteriorate, becoming unfit for drinking. How quickly the owner discovers the problem is a big question.

 

Water should not stand next to the tray

There are no comments here – neither water nor food should stand next to the litter box. Cats are clean animals, they carefully bury excrement, prefer to go to the tray with fresh litter, and hesitate to eat next to their own latrine.

It’s funny, but a human toilet bowl may seem like a good source of freshwater to a cat – far from the kitchen, in a secluded place, on a dais. The danger is that the cat can be poisoned with detergents due to the owner’s oversight.

How to get your cat to drink water: what kind of water to give your pet, choosing a bowl and watering place, as well as a few tricks to increase the attractiveness of water for a cat

Image is nothing, thirst is everything!

 

There should be several sources of water

Cats are extremely sensitive to hunger, but can ignore thirst for a long time. Therefore, there should be several bowls, taking into account the size of your home – for a small apartment, there are at least three watering places.

The water should be on the trajectory of the cat’s usual route. Observe where your pet likes to rest and play (woke up – drank and only then ran to eat).

Feline laziness knows no bounds, just take it for granted that your cat will not specifically go looking for water to drink.

Elevated water

In the wild, the higher the water, the cleaner it is. Cats tend to “head for the river”, ignoring the water that is in a flat bowl on the floor. Sometimes it is enough to put a deep bowl on a raised platform (windowsill, table) to make your pet interested in water. Many cats do not like to drink from the tap because there is running water. The sink is just high enough.

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Oh, water, good luck. What I don’t finish, I will pour it

 

If you put a drinking fountain on the floor, it will lose out on attractiveness to the faucet. It is better to put high containers on the floor: a bucket, a basin, a saucepan.

Knowing your cat’s drinking habits, be careful not to leave attractive containers with toxic contents unattended:

  • a bucket of detergent while cleaning the floors;
  • dishes in the sink filled with water and dishwashing detergent;
  • a basin of soaked linen;
  • glass for rinsing brushes on the table after painting.

How to get your cat to drink water: what kind of water to give your pet, choosing a bowl and watering place, as well as a few tricks to increase the attractiveness of water for a cat

Bobtail drinks from a bucket

 

4 more tricks to get your cat to drink water

Suppose you have already placed salad bowls and vases of freshwater all over the house, but the cat stubbornly ignores the watering hole. Well, there are a few more tricks, one of which will definitely work.

Flavor water

If the cat is indifferent to ordinary water, you can play on the food interest. To do this, pets are offered various solutions or add them to the water for smell:

  1. Meat juice is a dark liquid that remains in a bowl after raw meat or offal, especially when defrosting.
  2. Unsalted broth – it is enough to boil a couple of shrimp, crayfish, shellfish (mussels, oysters) in water without salt. If the cat does not like seafood (although they usually love it), add some bone or meat broth to the water.
  3. A drop of milk or a pinch of cat milk replacer (available at pet stores and veterinary pharmacies).
  4. Soak slices of fresh cucumber in water – some cats are attracted to “vegetable water”.
  5. Fortiflora is an industrial probiotic supplement for cats. Produced in powder form, it has a pronounced meaty smell. It is enough to add a pinch to the water.
  6. Viyo Reinforces is prebiotic for cats in the form of a nutritious drink, it can be given in its pure form, or it can be diluted with water in various proportions (1: 1, 1: 2) – so the cat will receive even more liquid.

The only drawback of “tasty water” is that it quickly deteriorates, it cannot be left in a bowl for the whole day.

Some cats love to drink earthen water – the one that accumulates in the saucer of a flower pot after abundant watering. Others are eager to feast on from the aquarium. Do not scold pets, but try to provide them with a “favorite watering hole”.

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Mmmm, yummy

 

Running water

The murmur of water attracts cats, sometimes it is curiosity and a desire to play, but in the end, the cat still drinks water, even if it licks its wet paws. Running water naturally seems fresher to animals than standing water, which is why cats love to drink from the tap so much.

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                                                                           Many cats and cats prefer to drink directly from the tap

 

Try to put your pet a special fountain. There are different models in the form of a stream or a falling stream (faucet, chamomile).

Ice cubes

The settled water is at room temperature, and warm water is not as tasty as cool water. Coldwater is associated with freshness, so it’s helpful to cool cat water throughout the day, change it more often, and keep a bottle of water in the fridge in the summer.

An ice cube in a bowl of water can give a good effect. Playful cats begin to touch and drive a mysterious object with their paws, try to get it, lick it. Plus, the water in the bowl does not heat up so quickly – this is important if you are at work all day.

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You will be surprised, but many cats love to play with pieces of ice.

A toy floating in the water

For kittens and young cats, a toy floating on the surface of the water will be a good “attraction”. Place a bowl or saucepan on the floor and throw a small, light ball (for example, a ping-pong ball or a kinder surprise egg), a bottle cap, and a plastic lid for a swim. Chasing and trying to get a toy, the kitten will dip its paws in the water and then lick them. This is how the pet learns to be interested in water.

 

Conclusion: how to tell if your pet is drinking enough water

Owners usually don’t think about how to get the cat to drink water until problems knock on the door. An attack of urolithiasis, idiopathic cystitis of cats, chronic constipation – all these are good reasons to reconsider the pet’s drinking regimen. But in fact, everyone who decided to feed a cat with dry industrial food needs to be puzzled about the right watering hole.

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The cat enjoys cold water

If you are unsure if your cat is drinking enough, a general urine test can be done. It is the increase in urine density that predisposes to precipitation of crystals. On natural feeding, the cat will drink little – a lot of moisture is contained in the food. On dry food – naturally more. Each organism has its own rate, and it depends on many factors. How often does the cat wash (and, therefore, wastes water on the production of saliva), does it feed the kittens, and so on

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WHAT DO CATS LIKE?

What do cats like?

Cats are quite intelligent creatures that are good at being aware of what they like or cause negative emotions. As a rule, a list of the feline’s favorite activities can be compiled based on observations of the behavior of these animals. In this article, you will learn the basic preferences of cats that will help you form a strong and harmonious bond with your furry pet.

Connecting with people

When a cat appears in our life, regardless of its age, we become surrogate parents for it, feline mothers and fathers. Most of us consider cats to be an integral part of our family. This bond with the pet is formed through play, grooming, stroking, and various ways of spending time together.

And although some cat breeds (for example, Bengalis ) do not like to sit on the lap of their owners, they still have a very strong bond with them.

Communication with cats also has significant therapeutic effects in humans. You’ve probably noticed that the presence of a warm purring body next to us has a hypnotic relaxation effect. It is not surprising that the therapeutic features of cats are used for elderly or sick people.

Food

Like many people, cats love to eat good food and snacks between meals. Cat snacks are probably healthier than most of our “junk foods.” However, if there is a problem of overeating, or overfeeding, then the pet’s health can seriously deteriorate.

When it comes to healthy eating, there are three main types of cat food, including:

Fresh or frozen food

In the middle of the 20th century, studies were conducted that confirmed the benefits of raw foods for cats.

Canned food

Canned food is the next best choice for cats after fresh food.

Dry food

In today’s society, when people are absent from work for a long time, raw or canned food can spoil, so dry food is used.

Water

Freshwater is the basis of life on our planet. Cats love cool running water and often drink it directly from the tap. Some cats even play in the water, especially breeds like the Turkish Van. There is nothing wrong with that, and if your cat loves splashing around in the bathtub, you can throw toys in the water to keep your pet entertained.

How much water does a cat need?
About 67% of a cat’s body is water. Dry food contains a minimal amount of water, only about 10%, and cats that constantly eat it definitely need a lot of additional water to maintain the necessary fluid balance in the body. Keep a close eye on the amount of water your cat is drinking as excessive thirst is a symptom of feline diabetes, feline hyperthyroidism, or chronic renal failure. Make sure that there is always clean water in your pet’s bowl.

Sleep

Most cats love to sleep and devote 14-18 hours a day to this activity. This may seem overwhelming to us humans, but it is natural for cats. It seems that for them it is not important when, where, and how to sleep.

Cats also love to wake their owners up at night. These habits are not natural for us and can lead to insomnia.

Games

Play is extremely important for cats. Both kittens and adult cats will be happy to hunt for their prey, be it a toy or a human hand. The game for a cat takes place at the instinct level because, in the wild, representatives of the feline family are forced to chase and kill their prey in order to survive. Toymakers are aware of this and make products that are great for these predators, including toy mice, birds, butterflies, and other “prey,” as well as laser toys to chase the beam of light.

Bird watching

Cats love to watch birds through a window or in a cage. Probably the main reason is that birds are prey and cats are predators. And the sight of a chirping, feathered creature jumping on the windowsill or even on the TV screen will immediately attract the attention of even the most bored and sleepy cat.

Sharpening claws

Scratching objects is one of the basic needs of these animals. As a rule, this happens when the upper shell of the claw peels off, and with the help of scratching it falls off. When cats sharpen their claws, they experience muscle tension and relaxation. This kind of exercise is another reason for the tearing of a sofa or scratching post.

Do you know people who bite their nails when worried or embarrassed? When cats sharpen their claws, they thus calm down when frightened or stressed. Be sure to get some scratching posts that can meet your pet’s natural needs and protect your furniture.

Care

Most cats love to be combed out by their beloved owners. In this case, it is necessary to ensure that the pet enjoys this procedure. Some cats, especially those prone to feline hyperesthesia, may run away or show aggression. Therefore, choose your pet grooming tools carefully and watch their reactions so you know when to stop. And as soon as you finish brushing your cat, offer her your favorite treat.

People who love them

Cats love tenderness and affection, especially when their loved one gives attention. If you constantly ignore your pet when he wants attention, then in the future he may ignore you. This is fair play, so keep this in mind the next time your cat refuses your pet. In addition, as with brushing, you need to monitor the pet’s reaction to affection, otherwise, you may become a victim of a little aggression.

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CAT HEALTH

8 FOODS THAT ARE BAD FOR CATS

8 foods that are bad for cats

Among the majority of pet cat owners, there is an assumption that their pets are able to independently form their needs by choosing products. Cat lovers think that healthy and unhealthy foods are selected by cats on their own. In fact, this is an erroneous assumption and the opinion of veterinarians, based on a number of clinical and laboratory examinations, is proof of this.

In order for your pet to stay healthy and live a happy life as long as possible, you need to know what foods should not be present in the diet of cats.

1. Chocolate

The first on the list of prohibited foods for cats, as well as for dogs, is chocolate. The composition of this product contains not only the substances caffeine and theobromine but also a number of other components that create an excessive load on the entire body. When a cat eats chocolate, the nervous and cardiovascular systems are the first to suffer. The instability of these two systems results in serious health problems.

Symptoms of chocolate intoxication of the cat’s body are:

  • impaired coordination of movements;
  • decrease in pressure in the arteries;
  • insufficiency of the heart muscle ;
  • frequent acts of urination ;
  • seizures and problems with coordination of movements;
  • in advanced cases – coma.

2. Not thermally processed meat

Cats are inborn predators, also obligate, therefore, without meat, their body is not able to function fully. At the same time, cats are not recommended to introduce into the diet non-thermally processed meat, as well as those types of meat products that contain a large amount of fat or bones. Especially chicken.

Eating fatty meats harms the digestive tract, causing upset stools and a number of inflammation in the pancreas. Not thermally processed meat – the risk of infection of the cat’s body with dangerous parasites.

If the pet regularly receives meat with chicken bones, in this case, you can expect a variety of complications. The animal can choke on a sharp piece of bone, damage its esophagus or intestines. Unfortunately, in the latter case, the treatment is surgery. However, abdominal surgery cannot always guarantee a complete recovery and a successful outcome.

3. Milk

With regards to small kittens – they need milk. But cow’s milk is too fatty, so it is recommended to replace it with a specially adapted mixture or to dilute milk in equal proportion with water.

For adult cats, there is no need to give milk. The fact is that, like most people, the enzymes necessary for the breakdown of milk protein are absent in the body of cats. It is also worth remembering that most cats have a specific pathology – lactose deficiency. Instead of the pleasure of consuming a dairy product, disorders in the digestive tract can develop in the animal’s body.

4. Onions and garlic

Eating onions or garlic by a cat is a reason to tell your friends about the incredible property of a pet. This is not cat food. But this does not end there, because onions contain substances that have a detrimental effect on red blood cells in the blood system. Erythrocytes, the main property of which is the transfer of oxygen to all cells of the body, begin to break down. With systematic exposure, hemolytic anemia develops. Dangerous for the cat’s body is not only fresh, but also sautéed, boiled, cookies, and even more so, fried onions.

Not only onion but also its closest relative, garlic, has a negative effect on the body. A hot vegetable harms red blood cells, causing anemia. The danger is not only fresh garlic but also dried. If it enters the body of an animal, this seasoning leads to the development of dangerous consequences.

The danger of onions and garlic lies in the specific substances contained in plants, disulfides, and sulfoxides, which damage erythrocytes. Domestic cats are more sensitive to these substances than domestic dogs and even more so humans. It is noteworthy that garlic is less toxic than onions.

5. Nuts

Banned for cats and nuts. In the composition of most nuts, fats and oils are present, provoking not only upset stools but also the eruption of gastric contents, up to dehydration. Dangerous nuts and the risk of developing inflammation in the pancreas. The most dangerous for the body of cats is the macadamia nut. It contains toxins that damage the nervous system, muscles, and digestive tract.

6. Raw eggs

Eating raw eggs in food carries the risk of infection with such a dangerous disease as salmonellosis. The disease is quite insidious since it is rather difficult to make an accurate diagnosis in the first stages. The consequences of not timely diagnosed and cured salmonellosis can be sad. Signs of salmonellosis damage to the body are:

  • refusal of feed ;
  • feverish conditions and an increase in body temperature indicators ;
  • eruption of gastric contents, even after drinking water ( vomiting is accompanied by foam );
  • apathetic state ;
  • upset stool, accompanied by profuse diarrhea with a sharp, offensive odor of black color and streaks of blood.

It is worth remembering that the use of boiled chicken eggs also adversely affects various systems of the feline body. Regular intake of egg white will soon lead to disruptions in the work of the skin. There are problems not only with the skin but also with the coat, due to violations of the correct assimilation of vitamin B.

7. Grapes

Fruit should be present in the animal’s diet, especially if it is not indifferent to them. But with caution, you need to give them to cats. For example, grapes and their dried type of raisins can provoke the development of bouts of nausea and eruption of gastric contents. Signs of raisin or grape poisoning in a cat are:

  • severe vomiting and watery diarrhea with particles of undigested food;
  • polyuria ;
  • apathetic state, dullness of perception, problems with coordination of movements;
  • tremors, signs of dehydration

In advanced cases, with the regular intake of grapes into the digestive tract, inflammatory processes occur in the kidney area. Fresh grapes can cause fermentation in the intestines, which also negatively affects the overall health of the gastrointestinal tract.

8. Mushrooms

Attractive in taste and with a pleasant aroma, mushrooms do not leave indifferent domestic cats. Nourishing, meat-like, mushrooms, like most pets. But you can give this product to a cat in rare exceptions in order to diversify the diet.

The constant presence of fungi in a cat’s diet leads to disturbances in the functioning of the intestines. Chitin, which mushrooms are rich in, is not broken down in the digestive tract, provoking heaviness. Against this background, liver malfunctions occur. Toxins are also present in mushrooms, provoking damage to somebody’s systems, up to the formation of a shock state and death.

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7 THINGS PEOPLE DO THAT CATS HATE

7 Things People Do That Cats Hate

 

Orange British Shorthair cat lying on couch

Does your cat seem upset or anxious? Do its body signals seem negative or is it practicing inappropriate bathroom habits?

What’s bothering your cat could very well be something that bothers you, too. From dirty bathrooms to spoiled food to too loud music, cats and humans share more pet peeves than you may think. And believe it or not, you could be making some mistakes as an owner, unknowingly causing these top things cats can’t stand. Don’t worry—we’ve got your back—here’s how to remedy them.

  • 01of 07

    Cats Hate Feeling Lonely

    Gray cat lying on a leather sofa.

    Contrary to popular belief, cats are not solitary animals! It’s true that you can leave your cat alone for longer bouts than you could a dog, but kitties crave attention, companionship, and love just like any other furry friend—or human. If left alone for extended periods of time, it can develop feelings of sadness, lethargy, and even depression.

    If you have a busy schedule, be sure to set aside a few minutes each day to spend some quality time with your cat. Even 15 minutes of playtime every few hours will keep it happy and healthy. An even better solution? Consider adopting another cat, so it has a full-time companion.

  • 02of 07

    Cats Hate Dirty Litter Boxes

    Brown long-haired cat sitting in a litter box.

    Using a dirty toilet—in public or in a home—is pretty gross, right? Well, cats feel the same way about dirty litter boxes.

    It’s important to clean out your cat’s litter boxes every day, or at least every other day, depending on the number of cats you have and their bathroom habits. Don’t want to scoop poop daily? Consider investing in a self-cleaning litter box.

    Keeping a clean litter box isn’t just about scooping either. Depending on the type of litter you use, the frequency with which you scoop it, and the number of cats in your household, litter should be replaced about every two weeks.

  • 03of 07

    Cats Hate Spoiled Food

    Black and white cat eating out of a food dish on the floor.

    You probably don’t want to dig into a big plate of spoiled food—and surprise!—neither does your cat. Not only does stale or spoiled food taste bad, but it can make your cat sick, too.1 Bacteria such as Salmonella and Staphylococcus can grow in food that’s been exposed for too long, especially in the warmer months.

    Whenever you’re serving up your kitty’s meals, be sure to check the expiration dates on both wet and dry food. If you find yourself saving lots of leftovers after your cat’s meals, you may need to assess how much it actually needs to be eating. Your veterinarian can help you decide based on his breed, age, and activity levels.

  • 04of 07

    Cats Hate Yucky Medicine

    Tabby cat licking its front paw.

    When you’re feeling lousy, the last thing you want to do is down some yucky tasting medicine. And the same holds true for your cat. When taking medication, many cats foam at the mouth, hold the pill in their esophagus, or just spit it back out.

    Whether your cat needs medication for a cold or infection or has a chronic condition that requires the ongoing administering of medication, it’s vital to make the experience a bit more palatable for the kitty.

    First, train your cat to be comfortable having its face and mouth handled; associate the sensations with something positive by rewarding it with a small treat. Then, establish a medication schedule, so it knows what to expect and when.

    If you’re still having issues with administering pills, there are lots of soft treats with pockets designed for holding pills.

  • 05of 07

    Cats Hate Overly Aggressive Petting

    Hand petting a calico kitten.

    If you have a cat, you know there are only certain areas it will allow you to pet—and if you pet the wrong part, it will hiss, scratch, or bite. Cats can be extremely sensitive to tactile stimuli, so it’s important to be aware of where and how you’re petting them.

    Want to keep your cat happy? Cats groom each other on the head and neck—and seriously dislike “full-body” pets down the length of their backs—so try to stick to the areas around their head and neck only. Pay close attention to its behavior and body signals to understand acceptable and unacceptable petting.

  • 06of 07

    Cats Hate Competition From Other Cats

    two black and white cats sitting on a black blanket.

    Whether battling over food, space, toys, or their humans’ attention, cats can become jealous of one another. Unfortunately, this jealousy can manifest as aggression and, depending on the situation, misdirected aggression.2

    For example: If a house cat feels threatened by an outdoor cat, but can’t attack it, the house cat may redirect his aggression toward another cat inside the house.

  • 07of 07

    Cats Hate Loud Noises

    Gray and white cat lying on a blue bedspread

    From thunderstorms to arguments to fireworks, lots of loud noises and commotion can seriously stress your cat out.3 And chronic stress from loud noises can cause a number of behavioral and health issues, including skittishness, aggression, or depression, as well as hair loss, lack of appetite, and over-grooming.

    It can be tough, but try to limit your cat’s exposure to loud noises. Keep it in a quiet, safe space when guests are over or during bad weather and avoid playing very loud music or cranking up the volume on the TV.

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Kitten Care

HOW TO COMMUNICATE WITH YOUR CAT

How to communicate with your cat

 

Scientists have found that cats have a very complex communication system that includes hundreds of different sounds that they use to communicate something to humans. By understanding how your pet tries to communicate with you and how cats perceive people, you can better understand each other.

Method1

Learn to understand cat gestures

Observe the tail of the animal. Like dogs, cats convey information through movements and tail positions. Understanding these movements and positions combined with sounds will help you figure out what your pet is asking for.

  • A straight tail with a slight curve at the end is a sign of joy.
  • Sharp movements of the tail from side to side – the cat is happy or worried.
  • The hair on the tail stands on end – the cat is in an agitated emotional state or is afraid of something.
  • The tail is trembling – the cat is very happy to see you or is in an agitated emotional state.
  • The hair on the tail sticks out to the sides, and the tail itself forms the letter N – this is a sign of aggression; it often appears during a fight or when a cat is trying to defend itself.
  • The hair on the tail stands on end, but the tail itself is lowered down – the cat is aggressive or scared.
  • The tail is tucked in – the cat is scared.

Look your pet in the eye. This will allow you to get closer to your cat and understand how he is feeling. Remember that gazing without blinking can be perceived by the cat as aggression, which will make the cat uncomfortable.

  • If the pupils are dilated, the cat wants to play, is emotionally agitated, fearful, or aggressive. Look at the other signs to figure out how to perceive this sign. 
  • If a cat looks you in the eye, it means that she trusts you and she is comfortable with you.
  • If the cat blinks slowly, it expresses affection for the person. This means that the animal likes to be around this person.

Pay attention to other gestures. Since cats express emotions with gestures more often than humans, some gestures are accompanied by sounds that amplify the message.

  • If the cat lifts its nose and throws its head back slightly, he thereby says: “I see you.” Cats often see off people who walk past windows with such a look.
  • A cat may press its ears to its head if it is afraid, anxious, or wants to play. This also happens when the cat sniffs something that interests him.
  • If the cat sticks out its tongue slightly and licks its lower lip, it is worried or anxious.

Take a closer look at the behavior of the animal. Often, conclusions about the emotions of cats can be drawn from their behavior in human society. Some actions mean the same thing in almost all cats.

  • If the cat rubs against you, he marks you as his territory.
  • If the cat buries its wet nose in you, it expresses its affection. This is a sign that your cat likes you and is comfortable with you.
  • When a cat rubs against a person or animal with its head, side, and tail, it greets.
  • If the cat slightly butts you with its head, it shows friendliness and sympathy.
  • Cats sniff a person’s face and recognize him by smell.
  • Cats often shift from paw to paw when they feel good or when they want to play. It is also a sign that the animal knows you and trusts you.
  • If your cat licks you, take it as a sign of trust. A cat may consider you a part of its feline family – for example, mother cats often lick their kittens.
  • If a cat tries to chew your hair, he most likely wants to wash you. This means that he loves you and trusts you.
  • To demonstrate their love, some cats begin to repeat the person’s actions. Try to lie on the floor and pretend to be dead. The cat will most likely sniff you, touch you with its paw, and then lie down next to you.
  • If the cat bites you lightly, this should be considered as a request to leave her alone.

Method2

Chatting with a cat

Answer the cat. Cats are constantly learning new ways of communicating with humans. The more often you interact with the animal, the faster it will learn new things.

  • Use a high-pitched voice to complement your cat or to show that it is friendly. Lower your voice to express dissatisfaction or aggression.
  • If you repeat the same thing several times, the cat will remember the connection of the word with the action. For example, you can repeat the word “sleep” or “bed” before going to bed. Over time, your cat will begin to associate repetitive sounds with your actions. He may even run to the bedroom faster than you get there.

Use non-verbal signs. Cats can memorize words, but they understand non-verbal signs much better. If your cat always knows what is expected of him, and surprises are rare, your connection with the animal will strengthen.

  • If you blink slowly at your cat’s eyes, it will most likely come up to you and pet it. This gesture is considered peaceful.
  • Avoid staring your cat in the eye. This is a sign of aggression and an unfriendly attitude.
  • If the cat wants to climb somewhere (for example, on the sofa next to you), but is not sure if it is worth doing, pat it with your palm and in a calm voice invite him to join you.
  • Be consistent in your actions. Some pet owners say no and pet their pets at the same time. In such cases, the cat does not understand what is happening. If you want the cat to leave, firmly say “not now” and push her away slightly. Do not stroke the animal or talk to him – this will let him know that now his presence is undesirable. In such a situation, almost all cats will try to get wherever they want several times, often from different directions. When pushing the cat away,
  • Do not shout or hit the animal. This only causes fear and anger – you will not achieve what you want. To express dissatisfaction, say something in a harsh voice. The cat will understand the intonation and your reaction.

Pronounce the commands. If you pronounce the command words with the desired intonation and accompany them with the appropriate signs, your communication with the animal will become clearer for him and for you.

  • Give commands in a specific command voice if your cat does something wrong. The voice must be natural so that you can reproduce these intonations, but it must also be different from your usual voice. If you use this voice rarely and only when the situation requires it, the cat will begin to associate such a voice with the fact that you are unhappy with her behavior.
  • To prohibit the cat from doing something, make a sharp hissing sound. This sound will be similar to the sound that cats themselves use in similar situations, and it will help you express your command more clearly.
  • With patience, you can train your cat to respond to commands like a dog. You can even

Method3

Listen to the cat

Understand how and why cats communicate with humans. Sounds are not the primary means of communication in cats. First of all, a cat is guided by smells, facial expressions, complex gestures, and touch. Cats quickly understand that people do not understand the non-verbal signs that animals exchange with each other, so they give a voice in the hope of communicating something to a person in his language. By observing what sounds cause what reactions, cats learn to ask for something or demand something from a person.

Observe the conditions in which the cat meows. If you pay attention to what the cat does when it meows, you can understand what sounds are responsible for requests (or protests). The sounds may vary from one cat to another, but some sounds mean the same to everyone – for example, rumbling or hissing.

  • With a short sound, the cat usually greets the person or declares himself.
  • Prolonged meowing indicates that the cat is very happy to see you. This often happens if a person is absent from home for a long time.
  • Meowing of medium height can be a request (for example, for food or water).
  • Longer “mrrrrmyayayayau” is a more insistent request or demand.
  • A low “mrrrrrrmayayau” is a complaint, discontent, or preparation for a fight.
  • A loud and a rather low sound often indicates an urgent need (for example, food).

Learn to understand other sounds. Most often we expect to hear meows, but cats have many other sounds as well.

  • A rumbling and throaty vibrating sound is a sign of an urge for closer contact or a request for attention. Cats can purr for a variety of reasons, but most often they do it when they feel good.
  • Hissing is a clear sign of aggression or self-defense. This sound indicates that the cat is upset, feels threatened, scared, is fighting, or is preparing to fight.

Learn to understand other special sounds. All sounds other than meowing, hissing, and rumbling are rare, but understanding them can help you understand what your pet is trying to say.

  • A high-pitched “rrrrrmao” sound is often a sign of anger, pain, or fear.
  • A high-pitched, vibrating sound often indicates emotional excitement, anxiety, or frustration.
  • A cross between meowing and rumbling with an upward intonation, this is the friendly greeting that a cat mother often calls out to her kittens.
  • A sharp squeal is a sign of sudden pain (when, for example, you step on the cat’s tail).

Advice

  • If the cat bites, she is either playing or does not want to be touched.
  • When lowering the cat to the ground, make sure its paws are gently on the floor. This will help your cat trust you and know that it won’t have to twist to land safely if you decide to let it go.
  • Generally, cats like it when their necks are lightly scratched. Check if your pet likes it. If not, try stroking his cheek or head.
  • If you sit cross-legged on the floor and look at your cat, it will take it as a friendly gesture and will come to you to pet it.
  • If the cat flaps its tail from side to side, it means that he is angry or wants to play. Better to leave him alone.
  • Some cats enjoy belly stroking, although most are afraid to expose this vulnerability. To help your cat overcome this fear, start gradually petting the pet. Be patient. Usually, cats do not provide as much protection to their breasts as they do to their belly, so start stroking their breasts every day. If the cat becomes tense, stop. Gradually, she will begin to allow you to stroke her. It is best to teach the animal this from childhood.
  • Siamese and other oriental cat breeds are more “talkative” than others, and some long-haired cat breeds make very few sounds. Of course, there are exceptions everywhere.
  • If your cat hisses, leaving him alone is a sign of aggression.
  • To ask your cat for permission to pet him, extend your hand towards him. The middle finger should be slightly lower than the rest. The cat will start rubbing its nose or muzzle against your hand. She will try to get your hand into the most comfortable position to stroke her.
  • If the cat runs away, it’s best not to touch it. By this, he shows that he needs to be alone.
  • If the cat is humming, it does not always mean that she is good. Rumbling can indicate that the animal is hurt or scared.
  • The cat can hide and leave only when it is left alone or hears a calm voice.

Warnings

  • If the cat goes to the toilet in a conspicuous place or marks objects, this is most often an attempt by the animal to mark its territory, which may be encroached on by another cat or other pet. It can also be a sign of urinary tract disease, bladder infection, or other health problems. If you encounter this problem, your cat may need to be treated or separated from other animals. Check with your veterinarian.
  • When picking up your cat, do not squeeze it too hard – it may perceive this as a sign of aggression and scratch or bite you.
  • To prevent behavioral problems and unwanted kittens, neuter or neuter your pet as soon as the cat or cat reaches the appropriate age. Cats should be neutered before puberty so that they are not used to marking their territory.
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CAT HEALTH

CAT FOOD

Cat food

Abyssinian cat eats meat

This article is the result of long-term observation of their animals, basic knowledge of the anatomy and physiology of cats, the study of a large number of Internet articles. One of the most controversial topics in felinology is the topic of rational nutrition. Do you lack drive, emotion, and communication? Ask the question: what do you prefer to feed your cats? Better yet, categorically declare your adherence to ready-made feeds or a natural diet, this is not important, the main thing is to express the irreconcilability of the position.

I do not want to take either side in this protracted conflict, I want to talk only about facts, nothing more. And perhaps we will be able to look at the topic of cat nutrition from a new angle.

Fact 1: Cats are obligate predators. Their jaws and teeth are designed to kill and tear the victim to pieces. Cats do not chew, they swallow food in rather large pieces. And before they eat, they must first track down and catch this very victim.

Fact 2: Cats have almost no taste in food compared to humans. We have about 9000 taste buds on our tongue, less than 500 in cats (about 2000 in dogs). But the sense of smell is almost 14 times more sensitive than that of humans, and the special vomeronasal organ of Jacobson, located on the palate behind the incisors, is much better developed (remember how funny cats open their mouths, sniffing at a cat in heat). The sense of touch in cats is much more important in eating food than in humans, so the consistency of the food is important. The lips and nose are very susceptible to heat. Contrary to popular belief, a cat’s sweet taste is determined, albeit worse than bitter, salty, or sour.

Fact 3: The normal acidity of the gastric juice of a cat is approximately pH 1-1.5, it is a very concentrated hydrochloric acid capable of dissolving bones and bacteria, preventing the penetration of protozoa. Eggs of helminths and cysts of protozoa can survive, because they have a sufficiently dense shell, and for their death, a long exposure (exposure) in an acidic environment is needed, and the advancement of the food lump in predators occurs rather quickly.

Fact 4: Cats have very short intestines. The ratio of intestinal length to body length is only 3: 1, 4: 1. For comparison: in dogs 6: 1, in humans 10: 1, in herbivores 20: 1 or more. The intestinal absorption capacity of cats is also lower. According to various authors, about 10% less than in dogs. The movement of the food bolus along the gastrointestinal tract in obligate predators occurs much faster than in herbivores since it is much more difficult to obtain nutrients from plant food. The digestion process in a cat takes about 12 hours, in cows a few days.

Fact 5: Cats are not adapted to the consumption of plant and carbohydrate foods: short intestines, relatively high speed of passage of the food bolus, nuances of the exocrine function of the pancreas. A cat’s salivary glands do not produce amylase. * Amylase is the main enzyme that breaks down carbohydrates. Cats get glucose not from carbohydrates, but from proteins. Cat cells have an increased insulin tolerance, so the intake of rapidly digestible carbohydrates, an increase in the proportion of carbohydrate foods in the diet is fraught with problems, in particular, the development of diabetes

Fact 6: Metabolic problems with a high content of plant foods in the cat’s diet are not only due to the relatively high content of carbohydrates. Amino acid composition and their relationship to each other are a big problem.
For cats, 11 amino acids are essential, that is, they cannot be synthesized by the body and must be supplied with food: taurine, arginine, histidine, leucine, lysine, phenylalanine, threonine, isoleucine, methionine, tryptophan, and valine. When synthesizing proteins, each type of body tissue requires a strictly specific set of amino acids.

For example, in the composition of tissue protein, valine, arginine, and tryptophan are contained in equal amounts (1: 1: 1), but if their ratio in the diet is 1: 1: 0.5, then the assimilation of all these amino acids is determined by the amino acid contained in minimum quantity.

Lysine can only work in the body when another amino acid, arginine, is present. Products that combine both substances are cheeses and dairy products.

Adequate dietary intake and the ratio of the three amino acids to each other: valine, leucine, and isoleucine are critical. These three amino acids work only together and have their own abbreviation: BCAA (from the English branched-chain amino acid, branched-chain amino acid). BCAAs reduce cortisol levels and increase blood serotonin levels, providing a sense of peace and tranquility; maintain insulin synthesis at the proper level; stimulate the synthesis of growth hormone, ensuring the growth and development of young animals and the maintenance of muscle mass in adults. Adequate intake of these amino acids in the correct ratio has almost the same anti-obesity effect as fasting. The best sources of BCAAs are chicken meat and chicken hearts, and beef is also rich in these amino acids.

Taurine is a vital amino acid, the deficiency of which very quickly causes pathological changes in the cat’s body. Two target organs are affected in the first place: the eyes and the heart. Since the discovery of the effect of taurine on the heart muscle of cats, and it began to be added to ready-made diets without fail, the number of animals with dilated cardiomyopathy has decreased significantly. Taurine is also essential for the adequate functioning of immunocompetent cells. In neutrophils, the percentage of taurine among all free amino acids of the cytoplasm is 76%, in lymphocytes 44%. Taurine deficiency causes a decrease in the activity of the cellular link of immunity: phagocytosis is inhibited, the activity of neutrophils decreases, the degree of damage to one’s own cells by oxidants and free radicals increases. Moreover, it is the cellular link that is the basis of the immune defense of cats. A natural source of taurine is meat, most of all it is found in the heart muscle.

The rational selection of proteins from different products, taking into account their mutual complementarity, is very important when drawing up a diet.

Fact 7: In addition to essential amino acids, cats need food and other substances that the body cannot synthesize. Among them, niacin, or vitamin B3 (niacin is the general name for nicotinic acid, nicotinamide, and their metabolic products). Deficiency of niacin leads to loss of appetite and weight, gum disease, and hemorrhagic diarrhea. The source of the vitamin for cats is eggs, meat, fish, wheat bran and yeast.
Cats cannot absorb beta-carotene from plant foods, they need active vitamin A, which they can only get from animal products, primarily the liver and egg yolk. This circumstance should be taken into account when choosing food supplements (retinal palmitate is needed). With hypovitaminosis, night vision, and the condition of the skin and coat deteriorate, babies lag behind in development. It should be remembered that an excess of vitamins can be more dangerous than hypovitaminosis, especially you should not get carried away with food additives. Chronic A-hypervitaminosis in predators (cats and dogs), arising, for example, due to prolonged feeding of their raw liver, causes a disease of the spine, which is characterized by bone growths along the edges of the vertebral bodies and is accompanied by limited mobility of the joints of the cervical spine.
The cat’s body is unable to convert linolenic fatty acid to arachidonic acid. Therefore, the diet should contain ready-made arachidonic acid. Gamma-Linolenic Acid is an Omega-6 unsaturated fatty acid and is considered the most important fatty acid for dogs and cats. It plays a key role in maintaining animal skin health. Found in most vegetable and animal fats, including chicken fat. Arachidonic acid also belongs to Omega-6 PUFA, which is in the body a source of a number of highly active biological substances that take part in the processes of maintaining hemostasis, blood clotting, the transmission of nerve impulses, and many others. Lack of arachidonic acid leads to impaired blood clotting, prolonged wound healing, slowed tissue regeneration, impaired vascular permeability, pathologies in the contractile activity of the muscular wall of the bronchi, veins, arteries, the development of dermatitis, a decrease in local and general immunity. Contained in red meat, liver, eggs, especially in milk fat, as well as in salmon, salmon oil. Omega-3s – Unsaturated fatty acids are equally important for the normal metabolism and optimal health of cats, the main sources are fish oil, animal fats, and egg yolk, as well as flaxseed oil and seaweed. The most important omega-3 acids for dogs and cats: Omega-3s – Unsaturated fatty acids are equally important for the normal metabolism and optimal health of cats, the main sources are fish oil, animal fats, and egg yolk, as well as flaxseed oil and seaweed. The most important omega-3 acids for dogs and cats: Omega-3s – Unsaturated fatty acids are equally important for the normal metabolism and optimal health of cats, the main sources are fish oil, animal fats, and egg yolk, as well as flaxseed oil and seaweed. The most important omega-3 acids for dogs and cats:

  • Alpha linolenic acid (ALA);
  • Eicose Pentaenoic Acid (EPA);
  • Docosa Hexaenoic Acid (DHA).

Alpha linoleic acid (ALA) is considered an essential fatty acid for dogs and cats. It has been experimentally proven that the absence of essential fatty acids in the diet of experimental animals leads to problems with the skin and hair, and negatively affects the reproductive function and excretory system. The introduction of alpha-linolenic acid into the diet eliminates these pathologies if the processes have not become irreversible. The main natural sources of α-linolenic acid are various vegetable oils (linseed, sea buckthorn). Cats can synthesize EPA and DHA from ALA, although conversion rates will below. Docosa Hexaenoic Acid (DHA) is important for the development of the brain and immune system, as well as maintaining vision in young animals.
The ratio of Omega 6 to Omega 3 PUFA is extremely important. The normal ratio for a cat is 1 / 1.3, while in ready-made feeds the ratio is 10/1, which causes a bias in reactions towards activating the production of ATs to its own cells and contributes to the formation of chronic inflammatory processes. Too low a ratio of Omega 6 / Omega 3 PUFA increases the risk of developing arthritis and allergic reactions, disorders of digestion and higher nervous activity, contributes to a protracted course of inflammatory processes, and impaired development of young animals. The inclusion of Omega-3 PUFAs in the diet, primarily fish oil or preparations based on it in the treatment of pruritic dermatoses, can significantly reduce the dose of hormones and antihistamines, and shorten the duration of treatment.

Fact 8: The ducts of the pancreas and liver are always connected in cats into a common duct that flows into the duodenum. Therefore, the inflammatory process always spreads from one organ to another, it is only a matter of time.

Fact 9: Exocrine cells of the pancreas of adult cats that produce digestive juices have an extremely low ability to adapt to dietary changes. The enzymatic composition is stable and relatively poor, primarily due to a decrease in the production of enzymes that break down carbohydrates. At a young age, the adaptive capacity of the pancreas is higher. If you do not know what your kitten will eat in the future, introduce him to both ready-made diets and natural foods, this will reduce the risk of digestive problems in the future.

Fact 10: The gut is one of the main organs of the mammalian immune system, and cats are no exception. The end segment of the thin section (ileum) is rich in lymphoid elements that lie in the mucous membrane and are represented by both single (solitary) follicles and their clusters in the form of Peyer’s patches. In fact, the intestine is the main organ that triggers the circulation of immunocompetent cells and the synthesis of immunoglobulins, forms sensitivity to foreign substances, and provides all mucous membranes with local defense factors. I would like to note that keeping young animals in conditions close to sterile significantly impairs the development of Peyer’s patches with all the ensuing consequences.

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